Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wel-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*wel-[1][2]

  1. to see, perceive

Descendants[edit]

  • *wél-e-ti ~ *wl-én-ti (thematic root present)[1]
    • Proto-Celtic: *weleti (to see) (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Celtic: *weless (seer, poet) (+ *-ess ~ *-etos) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wḗl-s-t ~ *wél-s-n̥t (s-aorist)
    • Proto-Tocharian: *yels-
      • Tocharian B: yel- (to investigate)
  • *wléy-ti (ey-aktionsart)
    • *wley- (reanalysed root)
      • *wléy-de-ti (de-present)[2]
        • >? Proto-Germanic: *wlītaną (to see, look) (perhaps more likely from a contaminated *weyd- (to see)[1]) (see there for further descendants)
          • Proto-Germanic: *wlaitōną (to search) (see there for further descendants)
          • Proto-Germanic: *wlitiz (sight, appearance, face) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wél-tu-s ~ *wl̥-téw-s[2][1]
    • Proto-Italic: *woltus
      • Latin: voltus ((facial) expression)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: գեղ (geł, beauty; (beautiful) appearance, look)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “3. *u̯el-¹”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 675
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “1. u̯el-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1136: “u̯l̥-tu-; u̯elēts; *u̯leid- (*u̯l-ei-d-)”}