Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



Borrowed from Latin vexillum (flag, banner).


vexillum (plural vexilla)

  1. A flag, banner, or standard.
  2. A company of troops serving under one standard.
  3. The sign of the cross.
  4. (botany) The upper petal of a papilionaceous flower.
  5. (zoology) The rhachis and web of a feather taken together; the vane.

Related terms[edit]


Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for vexillum in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Alternative forms[edit]

  • vixillum (Vulgar or Late Latin, Pompeian inscriptions)


Diminutive noun of vēlum (< Proto-Italic *wekslom).



vexillum n (genitive vexillī); second declension

  1. flag, banner
  2. accusative singular of vexillum
  3. vocative singular of vexillum


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vexillum vexilla
Genitive vexillī vexillōrum
Dative vexillō vexillīs
Accusative vexillum vexilla
Ablative vexillō vexillīs
Vocative vexillum vexilla



  • vexillum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vexillum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vexillum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vexillum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fix the ensign on the general's tent (as a signal to commence the engagement): vexillum proponere (Liv. 22. 3)
  • vexillum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vexillum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin