vexillum

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin vexillum (flag, banner).

Noun[edit]

vexillum (plural vexilla)

  1. A flag, banner, or standard.
  2. A company of troops serving under one standard.
  3. The sign of the cross.
  4. (botany) The upper petal of a papilionaceous flower.
  5. (zoology) The rhachis and web of a feather taken together; the vane.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for vexillum in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • vixillum (Vulgar or Late Latin, Pompeian inscriptions)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wēkslom, synchronically a diminutive of vēlum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /weːkˈsil.lum/, [weːkˈsɪl.lʲʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /vekˈsil.lum/, [vɛkˈsil.lum]
  • Note: dictionaries disagree over the length of the root vowel, but there's good evidence that it was long.[1]

Noun[edit]

vēxillum n (genitive vēxillī); second declension

  1. flag, banner
    • 6th century, Venantius Fortunatus, Vexilla regis, first stanza:
      Vexilla regis prodeunt
      Fulget crucis mysterium
      Quo carne carnis conditor,
      Suspensus est patibulo.
      The Banners of the King issue forth,
      the mystery of the Cross does gleam,
      where the Creator of flesh, in the flesh,
      from the cross-bar is hung.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vēxillum vēxilla
Genitive vēxillī vēxillōrum
Dative vēxillō vēxillīs
Accusative vēxillum vēxilla
Ablative vēxillō vēxillīs
Vocative vēxillum vēxilla

Descendants[edit]

  • English: vexillology
  • Galician: vexilo
  • Portuguese: vexilo

References[edit]

  • vexillum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vexillum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vexillum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vexillum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fix the ensign on the general's tent (as a signal to commence the engagement): vexillum proponere (Liv. 22. 3)
  • vexillum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vexillum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin