sa-

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Banjarese[edit]

Banjarese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa-

Etymology[edit]

From sa, shortened form of asa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. one

Choctaw[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (traditional)

Prefix[edit]

sa- (before a/o si-, class II first-person singular)

  1. the direct object of an active transitive verb
    me
  2. the subject of a stative intransitive verb
    I
  3. indicates possession of a noun
    my

Usage notes[edit]

Class II person markers are used for possession only for a small set of words, mostly including kinship terms and body parts.

Inflection[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. Usually found on verbs or nouns, originally a generic meaning of 'togetherness', now sometimes only a marker of perfective aspect (compare Russian с- (s-), со- (so-)).

Derived terms[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa-

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sa, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. (pre-1972) Superseded spelling of se-.

Minangkabau[edit]

Minangkabau cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa-

Etymology[edit]

From sa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. one

Synonyms[edit]


Mohawk[edit]

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. pronominal prefix for
    you ______ (patient)

Alternative forms[edit]

- Initial consonant
Environment t/s/h/k n/r/w/’ a e/en o/on i y
Word-Initial sa- sa- s- s- s- sen- sa-

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. second person singular possessive prefix
    your ______

References[edit]

  • Nora Deering; Helga H. Delisle (1976) Mohawk: A teaching grammar (preliminary version), Quebec: Manitou College, page 198

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Prefix form of sa.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. forms terms to denote a method or means to a purpose
    sa- + ‎puso (heart) → ‎sapuso (act of having put to heart)
    sa- + ‎ilalim (below) → ‎sailalim (act of undergoing)
    sa- + ‎malamig (cold) → ‎samalamig (cold beverage)
    sa- + ‎inyo (yours) → ‎sainyo (act of signing off or used to close a letter; yours truly)
    sa- + ‎makatuwid (to be able to straighten) → ‎samakatwid (therefore)
    sa- + ‎makalawa (twice) → ‎samakalawa (day after tomorrow)
    sa- + ‎una (first) → ‎sauna (of the old generation)
  2. (may) forms terms denoting possession of quality or characteristic
    sa- + ‎pusa (cat) → ‎may sa-pusa (resembling a cat)
    sa- + ‎pagong (turtle) → ‎may sa-pagong (resembling a turtle)

Derived terms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

sá-

  1. (with contemplative aspect of -um-) forms terms to denote suddenness of the action: suddenly; unexpectedly; without notice
    sa- + ‎basa (read) → ‎sababasa (suddenly read)
    Nahihimbing ako'y sababasa siya nang malakas na aking ikinagising.
    I was sleeping then they suddenly read aloud that I woke up from.

Derived terms[edit]


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. (with a positive verb) still
  2. (with a negative verb) no longer
Usage notes[edit]

The prefix is attached to the verb stem, before any object concord but after the subject concord, and replaces the -ya- infix of the present tense. With nonverbs (adverbs, adjectives copulative nouns etc.) the variant se- is used.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ́á-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

sá-

  1. (with a positive verb) still
  2. (with a negative verb) no longer
Usage notes[edit]

The prefix is attached to the verb stem, before any object concord but after the subject concord, and replaces the -ya- infix of the present tense. With nonverbs (adverbs, adjectives copulative nouns etc.) the variant se- is used.

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. like

References[edit]