sa-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Banjarese[edit]

Banjarese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa-

Etymology[edit]

From sa, shortened form of asa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from {inh|bjn|poz-pro|*əsa}}, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. one

Choctaw[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (traditional)

Prefix[edit]

sa- (before a/o si-, class II first-person singular)

  1. the direct object of an active transitive verb
    me
  2. the subject of a stative intransitive verb
    I
  3. indicates possession of a noun
    my

Usage notes[edit]

Class II person markers are used for possession only for a small set of words, mostly including kinship terms and body parts.

Inflection[edit]

person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-

Latvian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. Usually found on verbs or nouns, originally a generic meaning of 'togetherness', now sometimes only a marker of perfective aspect (compare Russian с- (s-), со- (so-)).

Derived terms[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa-

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sa, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. (pre-1972) Superseded spelling of se-.

Minangkabau[edit]

Minangkabau cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa-

Etymology[edit]

From sa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. one

Synonyms[edit]


Northern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sá-, from Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sá-, from Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sá-, from Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sá-, from Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. (with a positive verb) still
  2. (with a negative verb) no longer
Usage notes[edit]

The prefix is attached to the verb stem, before any object concord but after the subject concord, and replaces the -ya- infix of the present tense. With nonverbs (adverbs, adjectives copulative nouns etc.) the variant se- is used.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *sá-, from Proto-Bantu *kíá-.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. of; class 7 possessive concord.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. (with a positive verb) still
  2. (with a negative verb) no longer
Usage notes[edit]

The prefix is attached to the verb stem, before any object concord but after the subject concord, and replaces the -ya- infix of the present tense. With nonverbs (adverbs, adjectives copulative nouns etc.) the variant se- is used.

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[edit]

sa-

  1. like

References[edit]