prefix

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See also: préfix

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French prefixer (verb) resp. Late Latin praefixum (noun), both from Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō (I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) (from prae- (before) + fīgō (I fix”, “I fasten”, “I affix)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (noun) IPA(key): /ˈpɹiːfɪks/, /pɹɛˈfɪks/
    • (file)
    • (file)
  • (verb) IPA(key): /ˈpɹiːfɪks/, /pɹiːˈfɪks/, /pɹɛˈfɪks/
  • Rhymes: -ɪks

Noun[edit]

prefix (plural prefixes)

  1. Something placed before another
    1. (grammar, linguistic morphology) A morpheme added to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning, for example as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure, re- in reheat, etc.
      Synonyms: (rare) foresyllable, (archaic) prefixum
      Antonym: suffix
      Hypernyms: (broad sense) affix, morpheme
    2. (telecommunications) A set of digits placed before a telephone number, to indicate where the number is based, what type of phone number it is (landline, mobile, toll-free, premium rate etc.)
      in the UK, a number with an 0800 prefix is a toll-free number.
      Add the prefix +34 to dial a Spanish number from abroad
    3. A title added to a person's name, such as Mr. or Dr.
    4. (computing) An initial segment of a string of characters.
      The string "abra" is both a prefix and a suffix of the string "abracadabra".

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Expressions

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

prefix (third-person singular simple present prefixes, present participle prefixing, simple past and past participle prefixed)

  1. (transitive) To determine beforehand; to set in advance. [from 15thc.]
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 40, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes [], book I, London: [] Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount [], OCLC 946730821:
      But the danger was, that a man can hardly prefix any certaine limits unto his desire [].
    • 2002, Thomas R. West, Signs of Struggle, page 23:
      It is important to realize that pregivenness or prefixing is a kind of anteriority that does its work in the present; subjects and meanings in part emerge in enuciative co-constitutive moments.
  2. (transitive) To put or fix before, or at the beginning of something; to place at the start. [from 16thc.]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin praefixum, from Latin praefixus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix m (plural prefixos)

  1. prefix

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈprɛfɪks]
  • Rhymes: -ɪks
  • Hyphenation: pre‧fix

Noun[edit]

prefix m inan

  1. prefix
    Synonym: předpona

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • prefix in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • prefix in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from post-Classical Latin praefixum, nominal use of the neuter form of Classical Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō (I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) — the noun directly thence, whereas the adjective via French préfixe.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix n or m (plural prefixen, diminutive prefixje n)

  1. prefix
    Synonym: voorvoegsel
    Antonyms: suffix, achtervoegsel

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective[edit]

prefix (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) fixed, predetermined
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of prefix
uninflected prefix
inflected prefixe
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial prefix
indefinite m./f. sing. prefixe
n. sing. prefix
plural prefixe
definite prefixe
partitive prefix

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin praefixum, from Latin praefixus.

Noun[edit]

prefix m

  1. (grammar) prefix

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French préfixe, from Latin praefixus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix n (plural prefixe)

  1. prefix
    Antonym: sufix

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix n

  1. (grammar) prefix

Declension[edit]

Declension of prefix 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative prefix prefixet prefix prefixen
Genitive prefix prefixets prefix prefixens