prefix

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See also: préfix

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French prefixer (verb) resp. Late Latin praefixum (noun), both from Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō ‎(I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) (from prae- ‎(before) + fīgō ‎(I fix”, “I fasten”, “I affix)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɹiːfɪks/ (noun)
  • IPA(key): /pɹiːˈfɪks/ (verb)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

prefix ‎(plural prefixes)

  1. That which is prefixed; especially one or more letters or syllables added to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning; as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure.

Usage notes[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

prefix ‎(third-person singular simple present prefixes, present participle prefixing, simple past and past participle prefixed)

  1. (transitive) To determine beforehand; to set in advance. [from 15thc.]
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XXI, chapter j:
      he took the Quene Gueneuer and sayd playnly that he wolde wedde hyr / whyche was his vnkyls wyf and his faders wyf / And soo he made redy for the feest / And a day prefyxt that they shold be wedded / wherfore quene Gweneuer was passyng huey / But she durst not dyscouer hyr herte
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, I.40:
      But the danger was, that a man can hardly prefix any certaine limits unto his desire [].
  2. (transitive) To put or fix before, or at the beginning of something; to place at the start. [from 16thc.]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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External links[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin praefixum

Noun[edit]

prefix m ‎(plural prefixos)

  1. prefix

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From post-Classical Latin praefixum, nominal use of the neuter form of Classical Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō ‎(I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) — the noun directly thence, whereas the adjective via French préfixe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix n, m ‎(plural prefixen, diminutive prefixje n)

  1. prefix

Alternative forms[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

prefix ‎(not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) fixed, predetermined

Declension[edit]

Inflection of prefix
uninflected prefix
inflected prefixe
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial prefix
indefinite m./f. sing. prefixe
n. sing. prefix
plural prefixe
definite prefixe
partitive prefix

Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix m

  1. (grammar) prefix

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French préfixe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix n (plural prefixe)

  1. prefix

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]