im-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin im-, assimilated form of in- used before b-/p-/m-.

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Expressing negation; not.
Usage notes[edit]

Widely used in borrowings (from French and Latin), and productive (appended as prefix to existing English words).

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From em-, from Old French em-. Also from later Middle French im-, partly by confusion with im- of Latin origin (on which see above).

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Alternative form of the prefix em-, itself variant of en-.
Usage notes[edit]

Both used in borrowings (from French and Latin), and productive (appended as prefix to existing English words), as in imbed, imbitter, imbody, imbosom, imbower, imbrown; and similarly impark.[1]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Skeat, Walter W. (1882) An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. Oxford.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Form used before a root beginning with the letter b, m, or p of in-



Choctaw[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im- (before consonants i-, class III third-person)

  1. the indirect object of an active transitive verb
    to him, her, it or them; for him, her, it or them
  2. the subject of an intransitive affective verb
    he, she, it or they
  3. the direct object of a small set of transitive verbs mostly dealing with affect, communication and intimacy
    him, her, it or them
  4. indicates possession of a noun
    his, her, its or their
    hattak imofi
    the man's dog

Inflection[edit]

person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. a form of the prefix in-, used before b, m and p

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish imb-, from Proto-Celtic *ambi-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂m̥bʰi.

Prefix[edit]

im- (lenites except with m; becomes iom- before broad m)

  1. about, around, peri-

Prefix[edit]

im- (intensive particle; lenites except with m; becomes iom- before broad consonant or vowel)

  1. great, very

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assimilated form of in-, before b-/p-/m-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Alternative form of in-

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assimilated form of in-, before b-/p-/m-.

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Alternative form of in-

Northern Ndebele[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with a labial consonant.

Ojibwe[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Alternative form of nind-

Portuguese[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. a form of the prefix in-, used before b, m and p

Spanish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. a form of the prefix in-, used before b, m and p

Swazi[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with a labial consonant.

Xhosa[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with a labial consonant.

Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

im-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with a labial consonant.

References[edit]