en-

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English en- ‎(en-, in-).
Originally from Old French en- (also an-), from Latin in- ‎(in, into); but also from an alteration of Middle English in-, from Old English in- ‎(in, into), from Proto-Germanic *in ‎(in). Both Latin and Germanic, from Proto-Indo-European *en ‎(in, into). Intensive use of Old French en-, an- due to confluence with Old Frankish *an- ‎(intensive prefix), related to Old English on- ‎(intensive prefix). More at in-, on-.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. in, into, on, onto
  2. covered
  3. caused
  4. as an intensifier

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]



French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French en-, from Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]



Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin in.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en-, in-

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Prefix form of en ‎(in).

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. prefix indicating in
    en- + ‎irar ‎(to go) → ‎enirar ‎(to go in; enter)
    en- + ‎swichar ‎(to switch) → ‎enswichar ‎(to switch on)

Derived terms[edit]



Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French en-, from Latin in.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]



Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]



Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in. Influenced by Frankish *an- ‎(intensive prefix), related to Old English on- ‎(intensive prefix).

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (in; into)
  2. en- (intensifier)

Derived terms[edit]



Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ēn ‎(one).

Prefix[edit]

ēn-

  1. one, uni-, only
    ēnkunni ‎(only, unique)
  2. sole, single, solitary

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]



Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin in

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]



Zulu[edit]

Prefix[edit]

en- ‎(adjective concord)

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notes[edit]

The form en- is used in most cases, but em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (m, b or p).

See also[edit]