en-

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English en- (en-, in-). Originally from Old French en- (also an-), from Latin in- (in, into); but also from an alteration of in-, from Middle English in-, from Old English in- (in, into), from Proto-Germanic *in (in). Both the Latin and the Germanic forms are from Proto-Indo-European *en (in, into). Intensive use of Old French en-, an- is due to confluence with Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix). More at in-, on-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪn-/, /ən-/, /ɛn-/

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. in, into, on, onto
  2. covered
  3. caused
  4. as an intensifier

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

verbs derived from French (or Anglo-Norman) verbs or expressions using en- or en
nouns derived from French (or Anglo-Norman) nouns or expressions using en- or en
verbs composed from en- + English verb (meaning: to include, apply)
verbs composed from en- + English noun, sometimes with additional verb suffixes as -ate, -en or -ize (to enclose, enter in, provide with)
verbs composed from en- + English adjective or other word type (meaning: provide with a quality)
terms derived from foreign (mostly Greek) words using en- or in-

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en-, in-

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Prefix form of en (in).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. prefix indicating in
    en- + ‎irar (to go) → ‎enirar (to go in; enter)
    en- + ‎swichar (to switch) → ‎enswichar (to switch on)

Derived terms[edit]


Ladino[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • em- (before b or p)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of in (in, into).

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en-

Derived terms[edit]


Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into). Influenced by Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix).

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (in; into)
  2. en- (intensifier)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ēn (one).

Prefix[edit]

ēn-

  1. one, uni-, only
    ēnkunni (only, unique)
  2. sole, single, solitary

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see em.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • em- (before b or p)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. en- (all meanings) (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Tocharian A[edit]

Verb[edit]

en-

  1. to instruct

Tocharian B[edit]

Verb[edit]

en-

  1. to instruct

Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. affirmative prefix, emphasises prefixed word
    en- + ‎mawr (big) → ‎enfawr (huge)
    en- + ‎pyd (danger) → ‎enbyd (dangerous, exceeding, pressing)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
en- unchanged unchanged hen-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “en-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notes[edit]

The variant form em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (b, f, m, p, v).


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

en-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notes[edit]

The variant form em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (b, f, m, p, v).

References[edit]