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An endive plant.

Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle French endive, from Medieval Latin endivia or Italian indivia or endivia, from Late Latin intibus.


  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɛndaɪv/, /ɒnˈdiːv/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɛndaɪv/, /ˈɛndɪv/, /ˈɒndiːv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: (US) -iːv


endive (countable and uncountable, plural endives)

  1. A leafy salad vegetable, Cichorium endivia, which is often confused with common chicory (Cichorium intybus).
    • 1787, Charlotte Mason, The Lady's Assistant for Regulating and Supplying the Table[2], page 192:
      When all this is ready, take some endive and Dutch lettuce, some chervil and celery, wash and drain them very well, cut them small, put them into a saucepan, and pour some of the broth upon them []
    • 1805, William Augustus Henderson, The Housekeeper's Instructor, Or, Universal Family Cook[3], page 110:
      Take the three heads of endive out of the water, drain them, and leave the largest whole.
    • 1915 August 28, Marion Harris Neil, “When Lettus is Scarce”, in The Country Gentleman[4], volume 80, page 1379:
      Broad leaved, green curled or white curled, the endive plants are good; the green sorts, on account of their coolness and their plentiful salts, are esteemed for the salad bowl, and the white-curled sorts are liked for soups, stews and as boiled vegetables.
    • 2001, Clifford A. Wright, Mediterranean Vegetables[5], page 146:
      Endive and escarole are the same vegetable, but endive has leaves that are cut and curled, while escarole has smooth, broad leaves.


Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]



Une endive blanche.


Inherited from Middle French endive, endivie, andive, indivie, from Medieval Latin endivia or Italian indivia or endivia, suspected via Byzantine Greek ἐντύβιον (entúbion) from Latin intibus.



endive f (plural endives)

  1. (cooking) Belgian endive (edible chicory bud of Cichorium intybus)
    Synonym: chicon
    Une salade d'endive.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notes[edit]

In a strict botanical sense, French endive or English Belgian endive is actually not an endive (of the species Cichorium endivia) but a common chicory (Cichorium intybus)[1].


  • Iranian Persian: آندیو(ândiv)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Régis Thomas (accessed April 24, 2017), “Chicorée et endive”, in (please provide the title of the work)[1]

Further reading[edit]