- endyve (obsolete)
From Old French endive, from Medieval Latin endivia, from Late Latin intibus, from Byzantine Greek ἔντυβον (éntubon). Ultimately of uncertain origin, indeed perhaps Ancient Greek Τῦβι (Tûbi, “the month of Tybi, roughly January”) from Egyptian tꜣ-ꜥꜣbt (“the month of Tybi”).
- A leafy salad vegetable, Cichorium endivia, which is often confused with common chicory (Cichorium intybus).
1787, Charlotte Mason, The Lady's Assistant for Regulating and Supplying the Table, page 192:
- When all this is ready, take some endive and Dutch lettuce, some chervil and celery, wash and drain them very well, cut them small, put them into a saucepan, and pour some of the broth upon them […]
1805, William Augustus Henderson, The Housekeeper's Instructor, Or, Universal Family Cook, page 110:
- Take the three heads of endive out of the water, drain them, and leave the largest whole.
1915 August 28, Marion Harris Neil, “When Lettus is Scarce”, in The Country Gentleman, volume 80, page 1379:
- Broad leaved, green curled or white curled, the endive plants are good; the green sorts, on account of their coolness and their plentiful salts, are esteemed for the salad bowl, and the white-curled sorts are liked for soups, stews and as boiled vegetables.
2001, Clifford A. Wright, Mediterranean Vegetables, page 146:
- Endive and escarole are the same vegetable, but endive has leaves that are cut and curled, while escarole has smooth, broad leaves.
endive f (plural endives)
- (cooking) Belgian endive (edible chicory bud of Cichorium intybus)