-ize

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: ize, izé, íze, and izë

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

According to the Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, "it is unstressed (though strong) in Received Pronunciation and General American, but sometimes stressed in other varieties".

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -isen, from Middle French -iser, from Medieval Latin -izō, from Ancient Greek -ίζω (-ízō), from Proto-Indo-European *-idyé- (verbal suffix). Cognate with Gothic -𐌹𐍄𐌾𐌰𐌽 (-itjan, verbal suffix), Old High German -izzen (verbal suffix), Old English -ettan (verbal suffix). Also see notes.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -ise (non-Oxford British spelling)

Suffix[edit]

-ize

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns or adjectives
    1. to make what is denoted by the noun/adjective
      pixel + ‎-ize → ‎pixelize
    2. to do what is denoted by the noun/adjective
      cannibal + ‎-ize → ‎cannibalize
Usage notes[edit]
  • The suffix -ize has historically been used on words originating from Greek. -ise was used, especially as -vise, -tise, -cise, and -prise, on words that come from various roots (usually via French). In the 19th century, it became common in the United Kingdom (due to French influence) to use -ise also on words that had historically been spelled -ize. -ise is also common in Ireland, India, Australia, and New Zealand. -ize remains, however, the spelling used by the influential Oxford University Press in most cases (there are exemptions like advertise, however); it has also always been the spelling used in the United States and Canada.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See -ise (noun-forming suffix).

Suffix[edit]

-ize

  1. Alternative form of -ise (suffix used to form nouns)
    palliard + ‎-ize → ‎palliardize