-ere

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See also: ere, erè, and -eré

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch -eren. Compare also the more native Afrikaans -ers.

Suffix[edit]

-ere

  1. forms the plurals of six nouns
    been ‎(leg; bone) — beendere (“bones”)
    gelid ‎(rank) — geledere (“ranks”)
    gemoed ‎(mind) — gemoedere (“minds”)
    goed ‎(good) — goedere (“goods”)
    lied ‎(song; hymn) — liedere (“hymns”)
    volk ‎(people) — volkere (“peoples”)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In most of the above cases, either the word as such or the plural belongs to a more literary register.
  • The noun blaar ‎(leaf) is a backformation from a plural originally using this suffix (from Dutch blad > bladeren > blaren).

Italian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ere (second and third conjugations).

Suffix[edit]

-ere

  1. Used, with a stem, to form the infinitive of many Italian verbs.

Usage notes[edit]

  • See ricevere as an example of a regular -ere verb.
  • There are two groups of irregular -ere verbs:
    • Those in the first group have multiple irregularities (sometimes even in the infinitive), but several related verbs are conjugated in the same way
    • Those in the second group have irregular past participles and/or, in the past historic have an irregular stem in the first- and third-person singular and the third-person plural

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ēre

  1. second-person singular present passive subjunctive of

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *-āri, -ere, from Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz ‎(masc. agent suffix).

Suffix[edit]

-ere m

  1. Forms agent nouns from verbs.

Derived terms[edit]

Category Middle Dutch words suffixed with -ere not found


Descendants[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed as part of Latin, French or German verbs. Cognate to French -er, German -ieren, Swedish -era.

Suffix[edit]

-ere

  1. Used in verbs derived from Latin, French or German, indicating the action of doing the first part of the word; such as revolusjonere ‎(to revolutionise), from revolusjon ‎(revolution).



Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz ‎(masc. agent suffix), from Latin -arius ‎(masc. agent suffix).

Suffix[edit]

-ere m

  1. masculine agent suffix, originally applied only to nouns
    fuglere ‎(fowler), from fugol ‎(fowl, bird)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ere

  1. Nominative singular of -or (agent noun suffix)
    Le chanteor →‎ li chantere