-or

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English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an agent noun, indicating a person who does something.

Usage notes[edit]

English generally appends this suffix where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. For other words, English tends to use the suffix -er. Occasionally both are used (computer vs. computor).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • -er (alternative spelling)
  • -rix (feminine form)

Hyponyms[edit]

(feminine agent)

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • -ee (converse form; one who receives from the actor)

See also[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or m ‎(feminine singular -ore, masculine plural -orë, feminine plural -ore)

  1. An suffix that forms adjectives which do not require adjectival articles

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Modeled after -ar and -os.

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. Used to denote the future infinitive of a verb.
    Tu mustas kompror lakto kande tu es che la butiko.
    You must buy milk when you are at the shop.

Related terms[edit]

  • -ar ‎(present infinitive tense)
  • -ir ‎(past infinitive tense)

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For earlier -ōs, from Proto-Indo-European *-ōs, for original **-oss, i.e. the neuter s-stem *-os with masculine nominative *-s. The ō from the nominative case was made common to all cases originally with non-ablauting o (the three exceptions were arbor, mulier and Cerēs). Afterwards nom.sg. -ōr > -or, by Latin sound laws. Thus paradoxically, as in the r-stems (soror, -tor), in the resulting paradigm the one form with a short stem vowel is the only form whose stem was etymologically long.[1]

Suffix[edit]

-or m ‎(genitive -ōris); third declension

  1. used to form a third-declension masculine abstract noun from a verb root or conceived root form
    amō ‎(I love) → amor ‎(love)
    timeō ‎(I fear”, “I am afraid) → timor ‎(fear)
Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -or -ōrēs
genitive -ōris -ōrum
dative -ōrī -ōribus
accusative -ōrem -ōrēs
ablative -ōre -ōribus
vocative -or -ōrēs
Derived terms[edit]


Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. first-person singular present passive indicative of

References[edit]

<references>


Norwegian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. A plural marker, used on feminine gender nouns ending with an unstressed -e [-a].

Usage notes[edit]

The -or suffix is a bracket form in Nynorsk whereas -er is the main form. In Bokmål, -er is the only allowed suffix.


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proto-Germanic *-ar-. Akin to Old High German -ar

Suffix[edit]

-or (adjectival)

  1. suffix forming adjectives from verbs denoting tendency or causation
    slipor "slippery", from slīpan "to slip, glide"
    wacor, waccor "vigilant, watchful", from wacian "to be awake, be watchful"
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Proto-Germanic *-áz. Akin to Old Saxon -or, Old High German -ur

Suffix[edit]

-or m (noun)

  1. Suffix variant found on masculine a-stem nouns
    dōgor "day" (cf dæġ)
    ċeolor "collar, throat" (cf ċeole)
    ealdor "cheiftain, ruler" (cf eald)
    sigor "victory" (cf siġe)
    salor "hall, palace" (cf sele)
    telgor "branch, twig" (cf telga)
Declension[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -(a)tor.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or ‎(nominative singular -ere, occasionally -ors)

  1. -er, suffix used to form agent nouns

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -or.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -eur
  • -our (late Anglo-Norman)
  • -ur (early Anglo-Norman)

Suffix[edit]

-or ‎(nominative singular -or)

  1. -ness, indicates a quality, a characteristic
    blanchor
    whiteness

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: -eur (both etymologies)
    • French: -eur (both etymologies)
  • Norman: -eux

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or (Cyrillic spelling -ор)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession or a performer, used chiefly for words of Latin origin.

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-or

  1. A plural marker. This marker is the regular plural for common gender nouns ending with an unstressed -a. Such an -a disappears when -or is added. The marker is used, however, with a few other nouns as well.
    docka "doll" - dockor "dolls"
    våg "wave" - vågor "waves"
    • ^ Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press