-ess (plural -esses)
- Suffix appended to words to make a female form.
- Professions ending in -ter or -tor change to -tr when this suffix is added.
- Professions ending in -e lose an e when this suffix is added.
- As in Romance languages, the masculine form is always used when referring to both males and females. However, note the unusual word marquess which is masculine.
- Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart were very popular actors.
- Who would like to be an actor after high school?
- This suffix tends to be regarded as sexist and as such is starting to fall into disuse; a single, gender-neutral term is preferred by some even though it is a less specific term.
- Glenda Jackson is a famous actor.
- Glenda Jackson is a famous actress. More specific language signaling that Glenda is a female.
- Depending on etymology, other feminine affixes are used; see synonyms.
- Not to be confused with -ness, especially in words like lioness, baroness, etc.
- “-ess” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2017.