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From Middle English wif, wiif, wyf, from Old English wīf ‎(woman, female, lady, wife), from Proto-Germanic *wībą ‎(woman, wife), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʰwíh₂bʰ- ‎(shame, pudenda) (compare Tocharian A/B kip/kwīpe ‎(shame, genitals, female pudenda)).[1][2] Cognate with Scots wife ‎(wife), West Frisian wiif ‎(wife, woman), Saterland Frisian Wieuw ‎(woman, lady, female), North Frisian wüf ‎(wife, woman), Dutch wijf ‎(woman, female), Low German Wief ‎(woman, female), German Weib ‎(woman, wife, female), Danish viv ‎(woman), Swedish viv ‎(woman), Faroese vív ‎(wife, woman), Icelandic víf ‎(woman).



wife ‎(plural wives)

  1. A married woman, especially in relation to her spouse.
    My wife and I have decided to have a baby.
    • The Fisherman and His Wife
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      It was a joy to snatch some brief respite, and find himself in the rectory drawing–room. Listening here was as pleasant as talking; just to watch was pleasant. The young priests who lived here wore cassocks and birettas; their faces were fine and mild, yet really strong, like the rector's face; and in their intercourse with him and his wife they seemed to be brothers.
  2. The female of a pair of mated animals.
    A new wife for the gander is introduced into the pen.

Usage notes[edit]

Although mostly used only humorously, wife can be used with the to indicate one's own wife. For instance, "I'd like to go, but the wife wants me home." More commonly, "my wife".



See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Look at pages starting with wife.


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Douglas Q. Adams, A Dictionary of Tocharian B (Amsterdam-Atlanta: Rodopoi, 1999), page 238
  2. ^ Klaus Totila Schmit and Klaus Strunk, “Toch. B kwī̆pe ‘Schaum, Schande’, A kip ‘Schaum’ und germ. *wīƀa ‘Weib’”, Indogermanica Europaea: Festschrift für Wolfgang Meid (Graz: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Graz, 1989), pages 251-284




From Old English wīf ‎(woman).


wife (plural wifes)

  1. woman

Derived terms[edit]