امرأة

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Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root م ر ء(m-r-ʾ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /im.ra.ʔa/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

اِمْرَأَة (imraʾaf (definite state الْمَرْأَة(al-marʾa), dual اِمْرَأَتَانِ(imraʾatāni), plural نِسَاء(nisāʾ) or نِسْوَة(niswa) or نِسْوَان(niswān) or نُسْوَة(nuswa) or نُسْوَان(nuswān))

  1. woman
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 4:12:
      وَإِنْ كَانَ رَجُلٌ يُورَثُ كَلَالَةً أَوِ ٱمْرَأَةٌ وَلَهُ أَخٌ أَوْ أُخْتٌ فَلِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا ٱلسُّدُسُ
      wa-ʾin kāna rajulun yūraṯu kalālatan ʾawi mraʾatun wa-lahu ʾaḵun ʾaw ʾuḵtun fa-li-kulli wāḥidin minhumā s-sudusu
      And if a man or woman leaves neither ascendants nor descendants but has a brother or a sister, then for each one of them is a sixth.
  2. wife
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 12:21:
      وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِي ٱشْتَرَاهُ مِنْ مِصْرَ لِٱمْرَأَتِهِ أَكْرِمِي مَثْوَاهُ
      wa-qāla llaḏī štarāhu min miṣra li-mraʾatihi ʾakrimī maṯwāhu
      And the one from Egypt who bought him said to his wife, "Make his residence comfortable."

Usage notes[edit]

The plurals are suppletive, coming from a different root from the singular.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “مرء”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN