زوج

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: روح‎, روج, and روچ

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Aramaic זוגא(zawgā, yoke, pair), from Ancient Greek ζεῦγος (zeûgos, yoke) which was used in Greek for the yoke of marriage – now it forms a root ز و ج(z-w-j).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zawd͡ʒ/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

زَوْج (zawjm (plural أَزْوَاج(ʾazwāj))

  1. couple, pair
  2. one of a pair
  3. spouse, mate, partner
    1. husband
      Synonym: بَعْل(baʿl)
      • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 58:1:
        قَدْ سَمِعَ ٱللَّٰهُ قَوْلَ ٱلَّتِي تُجَادِلُكَ فِي زَوْجِهَا وَتَشْتَكِي إِلَى ٱللَّٰهِ وَٱللَّٰهُ يَسْمَعُ تَحَاوُرَكُمَا ۚ إِنَّ ٱللٌَّهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ
        qad samiʿa llāhu qawla llatī tujādiluka fī zawjihā wataštakī ʾilā llāhi wal-lāhu yasmaʿu taḥāwurakumā ʾinna l-lununaha samīʿun baṣīrun
        (please add an English translation of this quote)
    2. (feminine) wife
      • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 20:117:
        فَقُلْنَا يَا آدَمُ إِنَّ هَٰذَا عَدُوٌّ لَّكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ ٱلْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَىٰ
        faqulnā yā ʾādamu ʾinna hāḏā ʿaduwwun llaka walizawjika falā yuḵrijannakumā mina l-jannati fatašqā
        (please add an English translation of this quote)
      Synonyms: زَوْجَة(zawja), اِمْرَأَة(imraʾa), قَرِينَة(qarīna)
  4. (now rare) kind, type
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 56:4-10:
      إِذَا رُجَّتِ الْأَرْضُ رَجًّا وَبُسَّتِ الْجِبَالُ بَسًّا فَكَانَتْ هَبَاءً مُّنْبَثًّا وَكُنتُمْ أَزْوَاجًا ثَلَاثَةً فَأَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ وَأَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ وَالسَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ
      When the earth is shaken with convulsion / And the mountains are crushed, crumbling / And become dust dispersing / And ye become of three kinds: Then the companions of the right – what are the companions of the right? And the companions of the left – what are the companions of the left? And the forerunners, the forerunners!
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Denominal verb derived from زَوْج(zawj, pair).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

زَوَّجَ (zawwaja) II, non-past يُزَوِّجُ‎‎ (yuzawwiju)

  1. to pair, to couple, to join in pairs
  2. to double, to geminate
  3. (ditransitive) to marry off, to give in marriage
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 106
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 303
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 154–155
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “زوج”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN