जन

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See also: जून

Hindi[edit]

Noun[edit]

जन ‎(janm

  1. (dialectal) person, people (collectively)

Synonyms[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *janHa-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵónh₁os. Cognates include Old Persian 𐏀𐎴(zana, man; tribe), Avestan 𐬯𐬭𐬬𐬋𐬰𐬀𐬥𐬀(srwō.zana-, belonging to the race of the horned ones) and Ancient Greek γόνος(gónos, creation).

Adjective[edit]

जन ‎(jána)

  1. generating

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of जन
Nom. sg. जनः(janaḥ)
Gen. sg. जनस्य(janasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जनः(janaḥ) जनौ(janau) जनाः(janāḥ)
Vocative जन(jana) जनौ(janau) जनाः(janāḥ)
Accusative जनम्(janam) जनौ(janau) जनान्(janān)
Instrumental जनेन(janena) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनैः(janaiḥ)
Dative जनाय(janāya) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनेभ्यः(janebhyaḥ)
Ablative जनात्(janāt) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनेभ्यः(janebhyaḥ)
Genitive जनस्य(janasya) जनयोः(janayoḥ) जनानाम्(janānām)
Locative जने(jane) जनयोः(janayoḥ) जनेषु(janeṣu)
Feminine ī-stem declension of जन
Nom. sg. जनी(janī)
Gen. sg. जन्याः(janyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जनी(janī) जन्यौ(janyau) जन्यः(janyaḥ)
Vocative जनि(jani) जन्यौ(janyau) जन्यः(janyaḥ)
Accusative जनीम्(janīm) जन्यौ(janyau) जनीः(janīḥ)
Instrumental जन्या(janyā) जनीभ्याम्(janībhyām) जनीभिः(janībhiḥ)
Dative जन्यै(janyai) जनीभ्याम्(janībhyām) जनीभ्यः(janībhyaḥ)
Ablative जन्याः(janyāḥ) जनीभ्याम्(janībhyām) जनीभ्यः(janībhyaḥ)
Genitive जन्याः(janyāḥ) जन्योः(janyoḥ) जनीनाम्(janīnām)
Locative जन्याम्(janyām) जन्योः(janyoḥ) जनीषु(janīṣu)
Neuter a-stem declension of जन
Nom. sg. जनम्(janam)
Gen. sg. जनस्य(janasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जनम्(janam) जने(jane) जनानि(janāni)
Vocative जन(jana) जने(jane) जनानि(janāni)
Accusative जनम्(janam) जने(jane) जनानि(janāni)
Instrumental जनेन(janena) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनैः(janaiḥ)
Dative जना(janā) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनेभ्यः(janebhyaḥ)
Ablative जनात्(janāt) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनेभ्यः(janebhyaḥ)
Genitive जनस्य(janasya) जनयोः(janayoḥ) जनानाम्(janānām)
Locative जने(jane) जनयोः(janayoḥ) जनेषु(janeṣu)

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

जन ‎(jánam

  1. creature, living being, man, person, race
    पञ्च जनास्(páñca jánās)the five races
    दैव्य जन(daívya jana) or दिव्या जन(divyā́ jana)divine race
  2. people, subjects (the singular used collectively)
    महत् जन(mahat jana)many people
  3. (at the end of a compound) denoting one person or a number of persons collectively
    प्रेष्यजन(preṣya-jana)servants (collectively), household
    बन्धुजन(bandhu-jana)a kinsman, friend
    सखीजन(sakhī-jana)a female friends or female friends (collectively)
  4. (at the end of a compound) used with names of people
    अयं जनः(ayaṃ janaḥ), एष जनः(eṣa janaḥ)this person, these persons, I, we
  5. the person nearest to the speaker
  6. common person, one of the people
  7. the world beyond the Maharloka

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of जन
Nom. sg. जनः(janaḥ)
Gen. sg. जनस्य(janasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जनः(janaḥ) जनौ(janau) जनाः(janāḥ)
Vocative जन(jana) जनौ(janau) जनाः(janāḥ)
Accusative जनम्(janam) जनौ(janau) जनान्(janān)
Instrumental जनेन(janena) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनैः(janaiḥ)
Dative जनाय(janāya) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनेभ्यः(janebhyaḥ)
Ablative जनात्(janāt) जनाभ्याम्(janābhyām) जनेभ्यः(janebhyaḥ)
Genitive जनस्य(janasya) जनयोः(janayoḥ) जनानाम्(janānām)
Locative जने(jane) जनयोः(janayoḥ) जनेषु(janeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 410