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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *janHa-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵónh₁os. Cognates include Old Persian 𐏀𐎴 (zana, man; tribe), Avestan 𐬯𐬭𐬬𐬋𐬰𐬀𐬥𐬀 (srwō.zana-, belonging to the race of the horned ones) and Ancient Greek γόνος (gónos, creation).


जन (jána)

  1. generating


Related terms[edit]


जन (jánam

  1. creature, living being, man, person, race
    पञ्च जनास् (páñca jánās) — the five races
    दैव्य जन (daívya jana) or दिव्या जन (divyā́ jana) — divine race
  2. people, subjects (the singular used collectively)
    महत् जन (mahat jana) — many people
  3. (at the end of a compound) denoting one person or a number of persons collectively
    प्रेष्यजन (preṣya-jana) — servants (collectively), household
    बन्धुजन (bandhu-jana) — a kinsman, friend
    सखीजन (sakhī-jana) — a female friends or female friends (collectively)
  4. (at the end of a compound) used with names of people
    अयं जनः (ayaṃ janaḥ), एष जनः (eṣa janaḥ) — this person, these persons, I, we
  5. the person nearest to the speaker
  6. common person, one of the people
  7. the world beyond the Maharloka



  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 410