mortal

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English mortal, mortel, from Old French mortal, Old French mortal, and their source Latin mortālis, from mors (death).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈmɔːtəl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(r)təl

Adjective[edit]

mortal (comparative more mortal, superlative most mortal)

  1. Susceptible to death by aging, sickness, injury, or wound; not immortal. [from 14th c.]
  2. Causing death; deadly, fatal, killing, lethal (now only of wounds, injuries etc.). [from 14th c.]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.11:
      Blyndfold he was; and in his cruell fist / A mortall bow and arrowes keene did hold […].
  3. Punishable by death.
  4. Fatally vulnerable.
  5. Of or relating to the time of death.
  6. Affecting as if with power to kill; deathly.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The nymph grew pale, and in a mortal fright.
    • mortal enemy
  7. Human; belonging or pertaining to people who are mortal.
    mortal wit or knowledge; mortal power
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 10”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      The voice of God / To mortal ear is dreadful.
    • 2012, Olivia Gates, Immortal, Insatiable, Indomitable, Harlequin (→ISBN)
      “It's just...I hesitated to call the police. I wasn't sure you'd appreciate their presence.” He sure wouldn't. Mortal scum he could dispatch. Mortal law enforcement he avoided at all costs []
  8. Very painful or tedious; wearisome.
    a sermon lasting two mortal hours
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)
  9. (Britain, slang) Very drunk; wasted; smashed.
    • 1995, Alan Warner, Morvern Callar, Vintage 2015, p. 13:
      Thats[sic] nothing, says Tequila Sheila, who told how the summer she was housemaid in The Saint Columba she took this guy back to the staff flats while mortal on slammers and crashed out on him before anything could happen.
  10. (religion) Of a sin: involving the penalty of spiritual death, rather than merely venial.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

mortal (plural mortals)

  1. A human; someone susceptible to death.
    Antonym: immortal
    Her wisdom was beyond that of a mere mortal.
    • 1596, William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream
      Lord what fools these mortals be!
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the flintlock by me for protection. ¶ There were giants in the days when that gun was made; for surely no modern mortal could have held that mass of metal steady to his shoulder. The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window [].

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mortal (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) Mortally; enough to cause death.
    It's mortal cold out there.

Asturian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Adjective[edit]

mortal (epicene, plural mortales)

  1. mortal (susceptible to death)
  2. mortal (causing death; deadly; fatal; killing)
  3. deadly (lethal)
    Synonym: mortíferu

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mortālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mortal (masculine and feminine plural mortals)

  1. mortal
    Antonym: immortal
  2. deadly, lethal

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mortal m or f (plural mortals)

  1. mortal

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mortal (not comparable)

  1. mortal (liable to die)
    Illo es un mortal wombat, illo decomponera etiam.
  2. mortal (causing death)
    Un mortal wombat attaccava ille.

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mortal m or f

  1. Apocopic form of mortale

Piedmontese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mortal

  1. mortal
  2. deadly, lethal

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese mortal, and their source Latin mortālis, from mors (death).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mortal m or f (plural mortais, sometimes comparable)

  1. (not comparable) Susceptible to death; mortal.
    Antonym: imortal
  2. (comparable) Prone to cause death; deadly; lethal; fatal.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mortal m, f (plural mortais)

  1. a mortal person
    Antonym: imortal

Further reading[edit]

  • mortal” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mortālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /morˈtal/, [morˈt̪al]
  • Hyphenation: mor‧tal

Adjective[edit]

mortal (plural mortales)

  1. deadly
  2. mortal
    Antonym: inmortal

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]