βροτός

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See also: βρότος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *mrotós, from Proto-Indo-European *mr̥twós or *mr̥tós (dead, mortal), ultimately from the root *mer- (to die). Cognates include Sanskrit मृत (mṛtá), Old Armenian մարդ (mard), Latin mortuus, Old Church Slavonic мрътвъ (mrŭtvŭ), Persian مرد (mard) and Old English morþ.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /bro.tós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /broˈtos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /βroˈtos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /vroˈtos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /vroˈtos/
  • Noun[edit]

    βροτός (brotósm, f (genitive βροτοῦ); second declension

    1. (poetic) mortal man, human being (often in plural)
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.32
        ὢ πόποι, οἷον δή νυ θεοὺς βροτοὶ αἰτιόωνται.
        ṑ pópoi, hoîon dḗ nu theoùs brotoì aitióōntai.
        [Zeus:] Alas, how mortals are always blaming the gods.

    Usage notes[edit]

    In Homer, βροτός behaves as if it begins in a single consonant, because it does not make the preceding syllable long. In the example below, εἴπῃσι βροτῶν must be scanned long—long–short–short—long: ει . πηι σι (β)ρο . των. Ordinarily the first consonant in the cluster βρ would close the last syllable of εἴπῃσι and make it long, but this results in an unmetrical rhythm (see dactylic hexameter): ει . πηι σιβ ρο ? των.

    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.282
      ἤν τίς τοι εἴπῃσι βροτῶν, ἢ ὄσσαν ἀκούσῃς
      ḗn tís toi eípēisi brotôn, ḕ óssan akoúsēis
      if any of the mortals can tell you [anything], or you can hear a divine rumor

    Inflection[edit]

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