βροτός

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See also: βρότος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *mrotós, from Proto-Indo-European *mr̥twós or *mr̥tós ‎(dead, mortal), ultimately from the root *mer- ‎(to die). Cognates include Sanskrit मृत ‎(mṛtá), Old Armenian մարդ ‎(mard), Latin mortuus, Old Church Slavonic мрътвъ ‎(mrŭtvŭ), Persian مرد ‎(mard) and Old English morþ.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

βροτός ‎(brotósm, f ‎(genitive βροτοῦ); second declension

  1. (poetic) mortal man, human being (often in plural)
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.32
      ὢ πόποι, οἷον δή νυ θεοὺς βροτοὶ αἰτιόωνται.
      [Zeus:] Alas, how mortals are always blaming the gods.

Usage notes[edit]

In Homer, βροτός behaves as if it begins in a single consonant, because it does not make the preceding syllable long. In the example below, εἴπῃσι βροτῶν must be scanned long—long–short–short—long: ει . πηι σι (β)ρο . των. Ordinarily the first consonant in the cluster βρ would close the last syllable of εἴπῃσι and make it long, but this results in an unmetrical rhythm (see dactylic hexameter): ει . πηι σιβ ρο ? των.

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.282
    ἤν τίς τοι εἴπῃσι βροτῶν, ἢ ὄσσαν ἀκούσῃς
    if any of the mortals can tell you [anything], or you can hear a divine rumor

Inflection[edit]

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