θεός

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See also: Θεός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*dʰeh₁-

From Proto-Hellenic *tʰehós, a thematicization of Proto-Indo-European *dʰéh₁s, s-suffixed noun derived from *dʰeh₁- ‎(to do, to put, to place). Cognate with Phrygian δεως ‎(deōs, to the gods), Old Armenian դիք ‎(dikʿ, pagan gods) and Latin fēriae ‎(festival days), fānum ‎(temple) and fēstus ‎(festive).

Despite its superficial similarity in form and meaning, the word is not etymologically related to Latin deus, which comes from a completely different root.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

θεός ‎(theós)

  1. divine (used only in comparative: θεώτερος ‎(theṓteros))

Noun[edit]

θεός ‎(theósm, f ‎(genitive θεοῦ); second declension theos qeos may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek θεός.

  1. a deity, a god, God
  2. title of a ruler
  3. sometimes feminine (ἡ θεός): a goddess

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • θεός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «θεός» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «θεός» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «θεός» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «θεός» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 1

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek θεός ‎(theós).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [θɛˈɔs]
  • Hyphenation: θε‧ός

Noun[edit]

θεός ‎(theósm ‎(plural θεοί, feminine θεά)

  1. god

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]