θεός

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See also: Θεός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *tʰehós (whence also Mycenaean Greek 𐀳𐀃 (te-o)), a thematicization of Proto-Indo-European *dʰéh₁s, s-suffixed noun derived from *dʰeh₁- (to do, to put, to place). Cognate with Phrygian δεως (deōs, to the gods), Old Armenian դիք (dikʿ, pagan gods) and Latin fēriae (festival days), fānum (temple) and fēstus (festive).

Despite its superficial similarity in form and meaning, the word is not related to Latin deus; the two come from different roots.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

θεός (theós)

  1. divine (used only in comparative: θεώτερος (theṓteros))

Noun[edit]

θεός (theósm, f (genitive θεοῦ); second declension

  1. a deity, a god, God
  2. title of a ruler
  3. sometimes feminine (ἡ θεός): a goddess

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 1
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, 2nd edition, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 14

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek θεός (theós).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [θe̞ˈo̞s]
  • Hyphenation: θε‧ός

Noun[edit]

θεός (theósm (plural θεοί, feminine θεά)

  1. god

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]