凡人

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

 
ordinary; every; all; whatever; worldly
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(凡人)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

凡人

  1. ordinary person; common people
  2. mortal

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼん
Grade: S
にん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 凡人 ‎(bjom nyin). Compare modern Hakka reading fàm-ngìn.

The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

凡人 ‎(hiragana ぼんにん, romaji bonnin)

  1. an ordinary person
  2. a commoner, someone who is not nobility
Usage notes[edit]

This reading appears to be somewhat less common than bonjin below.

The ordinary sense of this term is somewhat negative, with overtones of mediocre, unremarkable, lackluster.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼん
Grade: S
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Shift in pronunciation from bonnin above, using the kan'on reading of jin for .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

凡人 ‎(hiragana ぼんじん, romaji bonjin)

  1. an ordinary person
  2. a commoner, someone who is not nobility
Usage notes[edit]

This appears to be the more common reading.

The ordinary sense of this term is somewhat negative, with overtones of mediocre, unremarkable, lackluster.

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
はん
Grade: S
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Shift in pronunciation from bonnin or bonjin above, using the kan'on reading for both characters.

This reading appears in use by the 有職家 ‎(yūsokuka, people well acquainted with the rites and ceremonies of the imperial court and nobility).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

凡人 ‎(hiragana はんじん, romaji hanjin)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) an ordinary person, a commoner
Usage notes[edit]

The hanjin reading is the least common.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan