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See also:
U+840C, 萌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-840C

[U+840B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+840D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿日月 (TAB), four-corner 44627, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1041, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1499, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3233, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+840C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
(Cantonese)
Moe (Min Nan)
(Classical)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraːŋ, *qʰɯd
*mraŋ
*mraŋ, *mraːŋs
*mreːŋ
*ʔmraːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mreːŋ): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *mraŋ).

Etymology[edit]

“to bud; to begin”
Compare Lepcha ᰖᰮ (mlam, shoots that sprout from stump of tree) (Schuessler, 2007).
“cute; adorable”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 萌え (moe).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /məŋ³⁵/
Harbin /məŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /məŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /məŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /məŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /məŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /məŋ²⁴/
Xining /mə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /məŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /mə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /mɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /moŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /moŋ³¹/
Guiyang /min²¹/
/moŋ²¹/
Kunming /moŋ³¹/
Nanjing /mən²⁴/
Hefei /məŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /məŋ¹³/
Hohhot /mə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /mg²³/
Suzhou /mən¹³/
Hangzhou /men²¹³/
Wenzhou /miɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /mʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /moŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /min¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /men¹¹/
Taoyuan /men¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /meŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /mɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /meiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /meŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (117)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/mɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/mæŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mreːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bud; to sprout
  2. to begin; to start
  3. (Internet slang, originally ACG) cute; adorable
    /   ―  màiméng  ―  to act cutely

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. bud, sprout

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
きざし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きざし, rōmaji kizashi)

  1. Alternative spelling of 兆し (kizashi): a sign, omen

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana きざし, rōmaji Kizashi)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もえ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Nominalization of 萌え (moe), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 萌える (moeru, to bud, sprout).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana もえ, rōmaji Moe)

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(maeng) (hangeul , revised maeng, McCune–Reischauer maeng, Yale mayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(manh, mánh, mảnh, mành)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.