begin

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English beginnen, from Old English beginnan (to begin), from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną (to begin) (compare West Frisian begjinne, Low German begünnen, Dutch and German beginnen), from a root *ginnaną also found in Old English onginnan, Old Saxon andginnan and Dutch ontginnen, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʰed- (to take) (compare Welsh genni (to delve, submerge oneself), Latin prehendō (to grasp, nab), Albanian (to catch), Ancient Greek χανδάνω (khandánō, to hold, contain)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɪˈɡɪn/, /bəˈɡɪn/, /biˈɡɪn/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Verb[edit]

begin (third-person singular simple present begins, present participle beginning, simple past began, past participle begun)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To start, to initiate or take the first step into something.
    I began playing the piano at the age of five.   Now that everyone is here, we should begin the presentation.
    • John Locke (1632-1705)
      The apostle begins our knowledge in the creatures, which leads us to the knowledge of God.
    • Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
      Ye nymphs of Solyma! begin the song.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      Mr. Cooke at once began a tirade against the residents of Asquith for permitting a sandy and generally disgraceful condition of the roads. So roundly did he vituperate the inn management in particular, and with such a loud flow of words, that I trembled lest he should be heard on the veranda.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 5, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Of all the queer collections of humans outside of a crazy asylum, it seemed to me this sanitarium was the cup winner. […] When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose.
    • 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
      Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia.
  2. (intransitive) To be in the first stage of some situation
    The program begins at 9 o'clock on the dot.    I rushed to get to class on time, but the lesson had already begun.
  3. (intransitive) To come into existence.
    • Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
      Vast chain of being! which from God began.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

begin (plural begins)

  1. (nonstandard) Beginning; start.

References[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: circumstances · sitting · Christ · #788: begin · wait · laughed · opportunity

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bə.ˈɣɪn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧gin
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Noun[edit]

begin n (uncountable, diminutive beginnetje n)

  1. start, beginning

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

begin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of beginnen
  2. imperative of beginnen

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

begin n

  1. beginning, start
  2. origin, source

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • beghin (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • begin”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

begin (plural begins)

  1. beginning

Declension[edit]