始める

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
はじ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
創める

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *pansimay (to begin, transitive).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "始める"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
始める じめる [hàjímérú]
Imperative (命令形) 始めろ じめろ [hàjíméró]
Key constructions
Passive 始められる じめられる [hàjímérárérú]
Causative 始めさせる じめさせる [hàjímésásérú]
Potential 始められる じめられる [hàjímérárérú]
Volitional 始めよう じめよ [hàjíméyóꜜò]
Negative 始めない じめない [hàjíménáí]
Negative perfective 始めなかった じめなかった [hàjíménáꜜkàttà]
Formal 始めます じめま [hàjímémáꜜsù]
Perfective 始めた じめた [hàjímétá]
Conjunctive 始めて じめて [hàjímété]
Hypothetical conditional 始めれば じめれ [hàjíméréꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

(はじ)める (hajimerutransitive ichidan (stem (はじ) (hajime), past (はじ)めた (hajimeta))

Japanese verb pair
active 始める
mediopassive 始まる
  1. to begin, start, initiate
    (そう)(ちょう)から()(ぎょう)(はじ)める
    sōchō kara sagyō o hajimeru
    to start work early in the morning
  2. 創める: to set up, create, establish, found
    (よう)(そう)(てん)(はじ)めるyōsō-ten o hajimeruto open a clothing store
  3. (following the continuative of a verb) to start doing, begin
    (ある)(はじ)めるarukihajimeruto start walking
    ()(はじ)めるsakihajimeruto begin to bloom

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martin, Samuel E. (1987) The Japanese Language Through Time, New Haven, London: Yale University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1960, Hirayama Teruo (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.