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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
始-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女戈口 (VIR), four-corner 43460, composition)

  1. begin, start
  2. then, only then

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 258, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 523, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1041, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+59CB

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (始), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 詩止切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨX/ /ɕiX/ /ɕiəX/ /ɕɨX/ /ɕɨX/ /ɕĭəX/ /ɕieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǐ ‹ syiX › /*l̥ əʔ/ begin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12291 0 /*hljɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si)

  1. begin, start

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thủy, thuỷ, thỉ, tân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.