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U+59CB, 始
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59CB

[U+59CA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59CC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女戈口 (VIR), four-corner 43460, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 258, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 523, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1041, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+59CB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

𠃭
𠙉

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰɯː
*l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ
*l̥ʰɯː
*l̥ʰɯː, *lɯ
*l̥ʰɯː
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː, *l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː, *l'i
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ
紿 *l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ, *lɯ
*l'ɯːʔ
*hlɯː
*lɯːʔ, *l̥ʰɯs, *lɯʔ
*slɯʔ
*ljɯ
*ljɯʔ
*l̥ʰɯ
*l̥ʰɯ, *hljɯ
*l̥ʰɯs, *lɯ
*l'ɯ, *l'ɯs, *l'is
*hljɯʔ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*li

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sṳ̄ - vernacular;
  • sé̤ṳ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ syiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥əʔ/
English begin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12291
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to begin; to start
  2. beginning; start
  3. initial; first
  4. then; only then

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si)

  1. begin, start

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thủy, thuỷ, thỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.