秦始皇

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Chinese[edit]

(surname); name of a dynasty first emperor; Qin Shi Huang
simp. and trad.
(秦始皇)
始皇
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Etymology[edit]

From the addition of (Qín) during the Han dynasty to the self-proclaimed title of 始皇帝 (Shǐhuángdì). Owing to the Chinese preference for two- or three-character names, the title was then contracted. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

秦始皇

  1. (historical) Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China

Usage notes[edit]

Although the forms First Emperor, Shi Huangdi, and Shih Huang-ti remain more common in non-scholarly English, 秦始皇 is much more common in modern Chinese, with the non-truncated forms only appearing in scholarly or historical works.

The personal names 嬴政 and the rare hypercorrections 趙政赵政 are anachronisms: Chinese of the period generally employed their (ancestral names), (clan names), and (given names) separately and not in the compound form of modern Chinese.

Synonyms[edit]