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U+59D3, 姓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59D3

[U+59D2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59D4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
姓-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
姓-jbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女竹手一 (VHQM), four-corner 45410, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 259, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1037, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+59D3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sleŋs): semantic  + phonetic (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs).

Etymology[edit]

Specialised form of (xìng): “human nature; what is inborn” > “surname; clan name”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sèng - literary;
  • sèⁿ, sìⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/siæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siajŋH/
Li
Rong
/siɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*seŋ-s/
English surname

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11359
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sleŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. surname; family name; clan name
    Antonyms: (míng)
    怎麼拼寫 / 怎么拼写  ―  Nǐ de xìng zěnme pīnxiě?  ―  How do you spell your last name?
  2. to have the surname of
    /   ―  Nín guìxìng?  ―  What is your surname? [formal]
    /   ―  xìng Chén.  ―  My surname is Chen.
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. surname

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tính)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.