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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
姓-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
姓-jbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女竹手一 (VHQM), four-corner 45410, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 259, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6178
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1037, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+59D3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sleŋs): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs)

Etymology[edit]

Specialised form of (xìng): “human nature; what is inborn” > “surname; clan name”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (121)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xìng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/siᴇŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /siæŋH/ /siajŋH/ /siɛŋH/ /sĭɛŋH/ /si̯ɛŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xìng ‹ sjengH › /*seŋ-s/ surname

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11359 0 /*sleŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. surname; family name; clan name
    Antonyms: (míng)
    怎麼拼寫 / 怎么拼写  ―  Nǐ de xìng zěnme pīnxiě?  ―  How do you spell your last name?
  2. to have the surname of
    /   ―  Nín guìxìng?  ―  What is your surname? [formal]
    /   ―  xìng Chén.  ―  My surname is Chen.
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. surname

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tính)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.