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U+59D4, 委
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59D4

[U+59D3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59D5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹木女 (HDV), four-corner 20404, composition)

  1. appoint, send, commission

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 259, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6181
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1038, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+59D4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
委-bigseal.svg 委-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qraːlʔ
*qraːlʔ
*noːl, *nuːl, *njul
*qoːl, *qoːlʔ, *qrol
*qoːl
*qoːl
*nuːlʔ, *qrols
*nols, *qrolʔ
*njol, *qrol
*qrol, *qrols
*qrol
*qrol
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*njul

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei²¹⁴/
Harbin /uei²¹³/
Tianjin /vei¹³/
Jinan /vei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /vəʔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /uei⁵³/
Xi'an /uei⁵³/
Xining /uɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /vei⁵³/
Lanzhou /vei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /vei⁵¹/
Wuhan /uei⁴²/
Chengdu /uei⁵³/
Guiyang /uei⁴²/
Kunming /uei⁵³/
Nanjing /uəi²¹²/
Hefei /ue²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁵³/
Pingyao /uei⁵³/
Hohhot /vei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ue³⁵/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔui⁵³/
Wenzhou /v̠u³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ue³⁵/
Tunxi /ue²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /uəi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wai³⁵/
Nanning /wɐi³⁵/
Hong Kong /wai³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (14) (14)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiuᴇ/ /ʔˠiuᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚiɛ/ /ʔʷᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɛ/ /ʔiuɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjwiə̆/ /ʔjwiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ʔjue/ /ʔjueX/
Wang
Li
/ǐwe/ /ǐweX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwie̯/ /ʔwie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēi wěi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wēi wěi wěi wěi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwe › ‹ ʔjweX › ‹ ʔjweX › ‹ ʔjweX ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)oj/ /*q(r)ojʔ/ /*q(r)ojʔ/ /*q(r)orʔ/
English 委蛇 compliant, complaisant entrust to collect; store bend; hang down

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12901 12903
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrol/ /*qrolʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. committee

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wi) (hangeul , revised wi, McCune-Reischauer wi, Yale wi)

  1. put in charge of, commmission
  2. give up
  3. petty

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.