shirk

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested use in 1625 – 1635, apparently from association with shark (verb form), or from German Schurke (rogue, knave)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

shirk (third-person singular simple present shirks, present participle shirking, simple past and past participle shirked)

  1. (transitive) To avoid, especially a duty, responsibility, etc.; to stay away from.
    If you have a job, don't shirk from it by staying off work.
    • Hare
      the usual makeshift by which they try to shirk difficulties
  2. (intransitive) To evade an obligation; to avoid the performance of duty, as by running away.
    • Byron
      One of the cities shirked from the league.
  3. To procure by petty fraud and trickery; to obtain by mean solicitation.
    • Bishop Rainbow
      You that never heard the call of any vocation, [] that shirk living from others, but time from yourselves.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

shirk (plural shirks)

  1. one who shirks

Etymology 2[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Arabic شرك (širk, "idolatry").

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

shirk (plural shirks)

  1. (Islam) the unforgivable sin of idolatry

References[edit]

  1. ^ shirk” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).