obligation

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See also: Obligation

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English obligacioun, from Old French obligacion, from Latin obligatio, obligationem, from obligatum (past participle of obligare), from ob- (to) + ligare (to bind), from Proto-Indo-European *leyǵ- (to bind).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ɑb.ləˈɡeɪ.ʃən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun[edit]

obligation (countable and uncountable, plural obligations)

  1. The act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie to someone.
  2. A social, legal, or moral requirement, duty, contract, or promise that compels someone to follow or avoid a particular course of action.
    I feel I'm under obligation to attend my sister's wedding, even though we have a very frosty relationship.
    • 2021 January 5, Luttig, J. Michael, Twitter[1], archived from the original on 05 January 2021; republished as Washington Post[2], January 5, 2021:
      The only responsibility and power of the Vice President under the Constitution is to faithfully count the electoral college votes as they have been cast.
      The Constitution does not empower the Vice President to alter in any way the votes that have been cast, either by rejecting certain of them or otherwise.
      How the Vice President discharges this constitutional obligation is not a question of his loyalty to the President any more than it would be a test of a President’s loyalty to his Vice President
      whether the President assented to the impeachment and prosecution of his Vice President for the commission of high crimes while in office.
      No President and no Vice President would—or should—consider either event as a test of political loyalty of one to the other.
      And if either did, he would have to accept that political loyalty must yield to constitutional obligation.
      Neither the President nor the Vice President has any higher loyalty than to the Constitution.
  3. A course of action imposed by society, law, or conscience by which someone is bound or restricted.
  4. (law) A legal agreement stipulating a specified action or forbearance by a party to the agreement; the document containing such agreement.
    • December 19 1668, James Dalrymple, “The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[3], Edinburgh, page 575:
      The Pupil after his Pupillarity, had granted a Diſcharge to one of the Co-tutors, which did extinguiſh the whole Debt of that Co-tutor, and conſequently of all the reſt, they being all correi debendi, lyable by one individual Obligation, which cannot be Diſcharged as to one, and ſtand as to all the reſt.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Adjectives often used with "obligation": moral, legal, social, contractual, political, mutual, military, perpetual, etc.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (the act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie to someone): commitment
  • (requirement, duty, contract or promise): duty

Antonyms[edit]

  • (requirement, duty, contract or promise): right

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin obligatio, obligationem, from the verb obligō (tie together).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɔ.bli.ɡa.sjɔ̃/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

obligation f (plural obligations)

  1. obligation

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

obligation

  1. Alternative form of obligacioun

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

obligation

  1. (government) bond

Further reading[edit]