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See also: obligó




  1. first-person singular present indicative form of obligar



From ob- (to, against) +‎ ligō (bind, unite)



obligō (present infinitive obligāre, perfect active obligāvī, supine obligātum); first conjugation

  1. I bind in obligation, obligate, make liable.
  2. I make guilty.
  3. I mortgage, pawn.
  4. I restrain, impede.
  5. (rare) I tie, fasten.
  6. (rare) I bind together.


   Conjugation of obligō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obligō obligās obligat obligāmus obligātis obligant
imperfect obligābam obligābās obligābat obligābāmus obligābātis obligābant
future obligābō obligābis obligābit obligābimus obligābitis obligābunt
perfect obligāvī obligāvistī, obligāstī1 obligāvit obligāvimus obligāvistis, obligāstis1 obligāvērunt, obligāvēre
pluperfect obligāveram obligāverās obligāverat obligāverāmus obligāverātis obligāverant
future perfect obligāverō obligāveris obligāverit obligāverimus obligāveritis obligāverint
passive present obligor obligāris, obligāre obligātur obligāmur obligāminī obligantur
imperfect obligābar obligābāris, obligābāre obligābātur obligābāmur obligābāminī obligābantur
future obligābor obligāberis, obligābere obligābitur obligābimur obligābiminī obligābuntur
perfect obligātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect obligātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect obligātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obligem obligēs obliget obligēmus obligētis obligent
imperfect obligārem obligārēs obligāret obligārēmus obligārētis obligārent
perfect obligāverim obligāverīs obligāverit obligāverīmus obligāverītis obligāverint
pluperfect obligāvissem, obligāssem1 obligāvissēs, obligāssēs1 obligāvisset, obligāsset1 obligāvissēmus, obligāssēmus1 obligāvissētis, obligāssētis1 obligāvissent, obligāssent1
passive present obliger obligēris, obligēre obligētur obligēmur obligēminī obligentur
imperfect obligārer obligārēris, obligārēre obligārētur obligārēmur obligārēminī obligārentur
perfect obligātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect obligātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obligā obligāte
future obligātō obligātō obligātōte obligantō
passive present obligāre obligāminī
future obligātor obligātor obligantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives obligāre obligāvisse, obligāsse1 obligātūrum esse obligārī obligātum esse obligātum īrī
participles obligāns obligātūrus obligātus obligandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
obligandī obligandō obligandum obligandō obligātum obligātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • English: oblige, obligate
  • French: obliger
  • Galician: obrigar
  • Italian: obbligare


  • obligo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • obligo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • obligo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lay any one under an obligation by kind treatment: beneficiis aliquem obstringere, obligare, devincire
    • (ambiguous) to be the slave of superstition: superstitione teneri, constrictum esse, obligatum esse




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of obligar.