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U+502D, 倭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-502D

[U+502C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+502E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人竹木女 (OHDV), four-corner 22244, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qraːlʔ
*qraːlʔ
*noːl, *nuːl, *njul
*qoːl, *qoːlʔ, *qrol
*qoːl
*qoːl
*nuːlʔ, *qrols
*nols, *qrolʔ
*njol, *qrol
*qrol, *qrols
*qrol
*qrol
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*njul

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (34) (34) (34)
Final () (14) (95) (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed
Division () Chongniu III I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiuᴇ/ /ʔuɑ/ /ʔuɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚiɛ/ /ʔuɑ/ /ʔuɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɛ/ /ʔuɑ/ /ʔuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjwiə̆/ /ʔwa/ /ʔwaX/
Li
Rong
/ʔjue/ /ʔuɑ/ /ʔuɑX/
Wang
Li
/ǐwe/ /uɑ/ /uɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwie̯/ /ʔuɑ/ /ʔuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 12888 12891 12902
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoːl/ /*qoːlʔ/ /*qrol/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. dwarf
  2. (archaic) describes a hairstyle for women that was popular during the Han Dynasty in which the hair was gathered up in a lopsided bun.
  3. (historical, now pejorative) Japan; Yamato
  4. (historical, now pejorative) Japanese
  5. dwarfish, short
  6. (archaic) obedient
  7. (archaic) winding; meandering

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Yamato
  2. the country of Japan

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やまと, romaji Yamato)

  1. Yamato
  2. the country of Japan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wi, wae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (McCune-Reischauer: wi, wae)
  • Name (hangeul): 왜나라 (revised: wae nara, McCune-Reischauer: wae nara)
  1. (유순할 왜, yusunhal-): docile, obedient
  2. (나라 이름 왜, nara-ireum-): ancient Japan, Yamato
    • 樂浪海中有倭人, 分爲百餘國 <漢書> [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 新字海, 民衆書林, 서울, 1967, p. 27.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(uy, oải, nuỵ, oa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.