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U+502D, 倭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-502D

[U+502C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+502E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人竹木女 (OHDV), four-corner 22244, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qraːlʔ
*qraːlʔ
*noːl, *nuːl, *njul
*qoːl, *qoːlʔ, *qrol
*qoːl
*qoːl
*nuːlʔ, *qrols
*nols, *qrolʔ
*njol, *qrol
*qrol, *qrols
*qrol
*qrol
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*njul

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔuɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔuɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔwa/
Li
Rong
/ʔuɑ/
Wang
Li
/uɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔuɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 12888
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. dwarf
  2. (historical, now derogatory) Japan; Yamato
  3. dwarfish, short

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (14)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiuᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjwiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʔjue/
Wang
Li
/ǐwe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 12902
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrol/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (archaic) obedient
  2. Used in 倭遲倭迟, alternative form of 逶迤 (wēiyí, “winding; meandering”).

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔuɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔuɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔwaX/
Li
Rong
/ʔuɑX/
Wang
Li
/uɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 12891
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 倭墮髻倭堕髻 (wōduòjì, “a hairstyle for women that was popular during the Han Dynasty in which the hair was gathered up in a lopsided bun”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Yamato
  2. the country of Japan

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana やまと, rōmaji Yamato)

  1. Yamato
  2. the country of Japan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(wi, wae)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (McCune–Reischauer: wi, wae)
    • Name (hangeul): 왜나라 (revised: wae nara, McCune–Reischauer: wae nara)
  1. (유순할 왜, yusunhal-): docile, obedient
  2. (나라 이름 왜, nara-ireum-): ancient Japan, Yamato
    • 樂浪海中有倭人, 分爲百餘國 <漢書> [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 新字海, 民衆書林, 서울, 1967, p. 27.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(uy, oải, nuỵ, oa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.