Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Japanese stroke order
禾-jbw.png
Stroke order
禾-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
禾-oracle.svg 禾-bronze.svg 禾-bigseal.svg 禾-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) Picture of a plant stalk. The stalk is more recognizable in older form.

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹木 (HD), four-corner 20904, composition丿)

  1. grain still on stalk
  2. rice plant

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 848, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24906
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1270, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2588, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+79BE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (95)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: huó
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦuɑ/ /ɦuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɦwa/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hwa › /*[ɢ]ˤoj/ growing grain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4931 3 /*ɡoːl/

Noun[edit]

  1. grain, cereal
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. rice plant

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoà)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.