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U+79BE, 禾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79BE

[U+79BD]
CJK Unified Ideographs 禿
[U+79BF]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese stroke order
0 strokes
Stroke order
禾-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹木 (HD), four-corner 20904, composition丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #115, .

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 848, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24906
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1270, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2588, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+79BE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
禾-oracle.svg 禾-bronze.svg 禾-bigseal.svg 禾-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːl, *kʰoːls
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːls

Pictogram (象形) – picture of a plant stalk. The stalk is more recognizable in older form.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwa/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑ/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwa ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˤoj/
English growing grain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4931
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. grain; cereal
  2. rice plant

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 稻子 (“rice (plant)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 稻子
Mandarin Beijing 稻子
Taiwan 稻子
Harbin 稻子
Jinan 稻子
Muping 稻子
Luoyang 稻子
Xi'an 稻子
Zhengzhou
Xining 稻子
Xuzhou 稻子
Yinchuan 稻子
Lanzhou 稻子
Ürümqi 稻子
Wuhan 稻穀
Chengdu 穀子
Liuzhou
Kunming 稻子穀子
Yangzhou 稻子
Nanjing 稻子
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu 穀翁
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 禾仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 禾仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 禾仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 禾仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Shexian
Tunxi
Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 稻子
Xinzhou 稻子
Min Bei Jian'ou 早仔
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Min Nan Xiamen 粙仔
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou 粙仔
Taipei 粙仔
Kaohsiung 粙仔
Tainan 粙仔
Taichung 粙仔
Wuqi 粙仔
Hsinchu 粙仔
Taitung 粙仔
Lukang 粙仔
Yilan 粙仔
Magong
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou 稻子
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Xiangtan
Loudi
Quanzhou 穀子

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. rice plant

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwa) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoà)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.