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See also:
U+7C9F, 粟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7C9F

[U+7C9E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7CA0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一田火木 (MWFD), four-corner 10904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 908, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1334, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3146, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+7C9F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*soɡ
*soɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siok - literary;
  • chhiak/chhek - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/siok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suawk̚/
Li
Rong
/siok̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
su
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ok/
English grain (rice or millet) in husk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12111
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*soɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foxtail millet (Setaria italica)
  2. grains in general
  3. (Cantonese) Short for 粟米 (“corn; maize”).
  4. (Min) paddy; unhulled rice
  5. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 穀子 (“foxtail millet (plant or unhulled grain)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 嘉穀
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 穀子
Harbin 穀子
Jinan 穀子
Muping
Luoyang 穀子
Jiedian
Xi'an 穀子
Xining 穀子
Xuzhou 穀子
Yinchuan 穀子
Lanzhou 穀子
Wuhan 粟穀 grain
Chengdu 小米
Guiyang 小米
Yangzhou 穀子
Nanjing 小米
Hefei 穀子
Cantonese Guangzhou 狗尾粟
Yangjiang 狗尾粟粟仔
Hakka Meixian 粟仔黃粟仔狗尾粟
Yudu 狗尾粟貓尾粟黃粟
Huizhou Jixi plant粟穀 grain
Jin Taiyuan 穀子
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou 蘆粟狗尾粟
Min Dong Fuzhou 犬尾秮
Min Nan Xiamen 黍仔
Chaozhou
Pinghua Nanning 粟禾
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou 粟米
Chongming 小米
Danyang 小米
Jinhua 粟兒 plant粟穀 grain
Dialectal synonyms of 小米 (“hulled grain of the foxtail millet”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing 小米兒
Taiwan 小米
Harbin 小米兒小米子
Jinan 小米小米兒米兒
Muping 小米兒
Luoyang 小米
Jiedian
Xi'an 小米兒
Xining 小米兒
Xuzhou 小米兒
Yinchuan 小米子
Lanzhou 小米
Ürümqi 小米兒
Wuhan 粟米
Chengdu 小米
Guiyang 小米
Liuzhou 狗尾粟小米
Yangzhou 穀子小米小米子
Nanjing 小米
Hefei 小米
Cantonese Guangzhou 狗尾粟
Dongguan 小米
Yangjiang 粟仔米
Gan Nanchang 粟米
Pingxiang 小米
Hakka Meixian 粟仔
Yudu 狗尾粟貓尾粟黃粟
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狗尾粟
Hsinchu (Hailu) 狗尾粟
Dongshi (Dabu) 狗尾粟
Zhuolan (Raoping) 狗尾粟
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 小米
Senai
Huizhou Jixi 粟米
Jin Taiyuan 小米
Xinzhou 小米子
Min Bei Jian'ou 蘆粟狗尾粟
Min Dong Fuzhou 小米
Min Nan Xiamen 黍仔
Quanzhou 黍仔
Taipei 秮仔
Kaohsiung 秮仔黍仔
Tainan 秮仔
Taichung 黍仔
Hsinchu 黍仔
Lukang 秮仔米
Sanxia 秮仔
Yilan 秮仔
Kinmen 黍仔
Magong 黍仔
Chaozhou
Pinghua Nanning 粟禾
Wu Suzhou 小米子小米
Hangzhou 小米
Wenzhou 粟米
Chongming 小米
Danyang 小米
Jinhua 粟米粟兒
Xiang Changsha 粟米
Shuangfeng 粟米
Dialectal synonyms of 稻穀 (“paddy; unhulled rice”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 稻穀
Mandarin Beijing 稻子
Shenyang 稻子
Jinan 稻子
Muping 稻子
Luoyang 稻子
Xi'an 稻子
Xuzhou 稻粒兒稻粒子
Yinchuan 稻子
Lanzhou 稻子
Wuhan
Chengdu 穀子
Guiyang 穀子
Liuzhou
Kunming 穀子
Yangzhou 稻子
Nanjing 稻子稻穀
Hefei 稻子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Senai
Huizhou Shexian
Tunxi
Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 稻子
Xinzhou 稻子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Min Nan Xiamen 粟仔
Quanzhou 粟仔
Zhangzhou 粟仔
Penang
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 稻穀
Suzhou
Hangzhou 穀子
Wenzhou
Chongming 稻穀
Danyang 稻穀
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 穀子
Shuangfeng
Xiangtan
Loudi

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
あわ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Proto-Japonic *àpá (millet), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly from Proto-Altaic *àrp`á (barley, millet). Compare Turkish arpa (barley), Mongolian арвай (arvaj, barley).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あわ, katakana アワ, rōmaji awa)

  1. foxtail millet

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sok) (hangeul , revised sok, McCune-Reischauer sok, Yale sok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thóc, túc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.