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U+7A37, 稷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A37

[U+7A36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A38]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115, +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹木田金水 (HDWCE), four-corner 26947, composition)

  1. god of cereals
  2. minister of agriculture

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 857, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25207
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1282, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2623, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7A37

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sagart (2008: 134-136) considers it a cognate of Proto-Austronesian *bəCəŋ (foxtail millet) as part of the hypothetical Sino-Tibetan-Austronesian language family. Blust (2013: 713), however, finds this comparison unconvincing because of the apparently arbitrary and phonetically unjustified fluctuation between Old Chinese *-k and Proto-Austronesian *-ŋ.

Cognates of this word are found in a handful of Tibeto-Burman languages, such as Drung tɕɑʔ⁵⁵ (millet) and Lhokpu cək (Setaria italica) (Sagart, 2008). This etymon should be kept separated from (OC *kʰljɯs), (OC *kʰɯʔ) and (OC *ʔsleds). The first two may belong to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *khrəj (millet), while the last one may be related to Proto-Lolo-Burmese *tsap (millet), along with Burmese ဆပ် (hcap, Setaria italica) and Sichuan Yi (jyp, millet) (Schuessler, 2007: 299).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sik̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siək̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsik ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ək/
English millet (Setaria italica)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1170
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sklɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foxtail millet (Setaria italica)
  2. God of cereals
  3. minister of agriculture

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): しょく (shoku)
  • Kun: きび (kibi, )

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
きび
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(きび) (kibi

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jik) (hangeul , revised jik, McCune–Reischauer chik, Yale cik)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.