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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(ear) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 尸十卜戈日 (SJYIA), four-corner 13150, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 970, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1421, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2797, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8077

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (職), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 職
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 之翼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨk̚/ /t͡ɕi̯ək̚/ /t͡ɕiək̚/ /t͡ɕɨk̚/ /cik̚/ /t͡ɕĭək̚/ /t͡ɕiek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhí ‹ tsyik › /*tək/ duties of office

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17252 0 /*tjɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. duty, profession
  2. office, post

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しょく, romaji shoku)

  1. employment

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jik) (hangeul , revised jik, McCune-Reischauer chik, Yale cik)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chức, chắc, giấc, xắc, chếch, xức)

  • variant: "chức"
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: chắc, chức, giấc, thức

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999