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See also:
U+8077, 職
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8077

[U+8076]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8078]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 128, +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 尸十卜戈日 (SJYIA), four-corner 13150, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 970, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29183
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1421, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2797, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8077

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
職-bronze-warring.svg 職-silk.svg 職-seal.svg 職-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjɯɡs, *hljɯɡ
*tjɯɡs, *tʰjɯɡs, *hljɯɡs
*tjɯɡs, *tjɯɡ
*tʰjɯɡs
*dɯːɡ, *tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯɡ): semantic  (ear) + phonetic  (OC *tjɯɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiak/chek - literary;
  • chit - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhí
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tək/
    English duties of office

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17252
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjɯɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. duty; profession
    2. office; post

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょく
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨk̚).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しょく, rōmaji shoku)

    1. employment

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jik) (hangeul , revised jik, McCune–Reischauer chik, Yale cik)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chức, chắc, giấc, xắc, chếch, xức)

    • variant: "chức"
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • Nôm: chắc, chức, giấc, thức

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999