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See also:
U+8B58, 識
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B58

[U+8B57]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B59]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 卜口卜戈日 (YRYIA), four-corner 03650, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1181, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35974
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1644, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4019, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+8B58

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
識-bronze.svg 識-bigseal.svg 識-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
tjɯɡs, *hljɯɡ
tjɯɡs, *tʰjɯɡs, *hljɯɡs
tjɯɡs, *tjɯɡ
tʰjɯɡs
dɯːɡ, *tjɯɡ
tjɯɡ
tjɯɡ
tjɯɡ
tjɯɡ
tjɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯɡs, *hljɯɡ): semantic  (say) + phonetic  (OC *tjɯɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • siak/sek/sit - literary;
  • pat/bat - vernacular (俗), 別 is used in the Mainland, 捌 is used in Taiwan.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕik̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17258
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to know; to realise; to be aware
  2. (Cantonese, Hakka, dialectal Wu) to recognise; to be familiar with; to know (especially someone)
  3. to appreciate; to recognise the worth of
  4. to distinguish; to discriminate
  5. knowledge; experience
  6. (Buddhism) sense
  7. bosom friend; acquaintance
  8. thought; awareness
  9. Alternative form of (shì, “just now”).
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 認識 (“to know (somebody)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 認識
Mandarin Beijing 認識
Taiwan 認識
Cantonese Guangzhou 識得
Hong Kong 識得
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Wu Wenzhou

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17244
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to put a mark
  2. to remember
  3. mark; sign
  4. flag
  5. raised words on an ancient bell or cauldron

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sik, ji) (hangeul , , revised sik, ji, McCune-Reischauer sik, chi, Yale sik, ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thức)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.