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See also:
U+8B58, 識
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B58

[U+8B57]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B59]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 卜口卜戈日 (YRYIA), four-corner 03650, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1181, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35974
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1644, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4019, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+8B58

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
識-bronze.svg 識-seal.svg 識-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjɯɡs, *hljɯɡ
*tjɯɡs, *tʰjɯɡs, *hljɯɡs
*tjɯɡs, *tjɯɡ
*tʰjɯɡs
*dɯːɡ, *tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯɡs, *hljɯɡ): semantic  (say) + phonetic  (OC *tjɯɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • siak/sek/sit - literary;
  • pat/bat - vernacular (俗), 別 is used in the Mainland, 捌 is used in Taiwan.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shí
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tək/
    English know

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17258
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljɯɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to know; to realise; to be aware
    2. (Cantonese, Hakka, dialectal Wu) to recognise; to be familiar with; to know (especially someone)
    3. to appreciate; to recognise the worth of
    4. to distinguish; to discriminate
    5. knowledge; experience
    6. (Buddhism) sense
    7. bosom friend; acquaintance
    8. thought; awareness
    9. Alternative form of (shì, “just now”).
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 認識 (“to know (somebody)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 認識
    Mandarin Beijing 認識
    Taiwan 認識
    Cantonese Guangzhou 識得,
    Hong Kong 識得,
    Yangjiang 識得,
    Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 捌傳
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Wu Wuxi 認識
    Wenzhou
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to know how to; to be able to”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan , 曉得
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou , , 識得,
    Hong Kong , 識得,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Taishan , , 識領, , 曉領
    Yangjiang ,
    Gan Nanchang , 曉得
    Hakka Meixian , 識得,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 曉得,
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 曉得,
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 曉得,
    Dongshi (Dabu) 曉得,
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 曉得,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 會曉
    Hong Kong
    Sabah (Bao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen , 會曉
    Quanzhou , 會曉
    Zhangzhou , 會曉
    Taipei , 會曉
    Kaohsiung , 會曉
    Tainan , 會曉
    Taichung , 會曉
    Hsinchu
    Lukang , 會曉
    Sanxia , 會曉
    Yilan , 會曉
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha , 曉得
    Shuangfeng , 曉得

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyiH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tək-s/
    English remember, commemorate

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17244
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjɯɡs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to put a mark
    2. to remember
    3. mark; sign
    4. flag
    5. raised words on an ancient bell or cauldron

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. discriminating
    2. know
    3. write

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sik, ji) (hangeul , , revised sik, ji, McCune–Reischauer sik, chi, Yale sik, ci)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thức)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.