Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+8B58, 識
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B58

[U+8B57]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B59]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 卜口卜戈日 (YRYIA), four-corner 03650, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1181, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35974
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1644, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4019, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+8B58

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
識-bronze.svg 識-seal.svg 識-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjɯɡs, *hljɯɡ
*tjɯɡs, *tʰjɯɡs, *hljɯɡs
*tjɯɡs, *tjɯɡ
*tʰjɯɡs
*dɯːɡ, *tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ
*tjɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯɡs, *hljɯɡ): semantic  (say) + phonetic  (OC *tjɯɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • siak/sek/sit - literary;
  • pat/bat - vernacular (俗), 別 is used in the Mainland, 捌 is used in Taiwan.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shi
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17258
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljɯɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to know; to realise; to be aware
    2. (Cantonese, Hakka, dialectal Wu) to recognise; to be familiar with; to know (especially someone)
    3. to appreciate; to recognise the worth of
    4. to distinguish; to discriminate
    5. knowledge; experience
    6. (Buddhism) sense
    7. bosom friend; acquaintance
    8. thought; awareness
    9. Alternative form of (shì, “just now”).
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 認識 (“to know (somebody)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 認識
    Mandarin Beijing 認識
    Taiwan 認識
    Cantonese Guangzhou 識得
    Hong Kong 識得
    Yangjiang 識得
    Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Min Dong Fuzhou 捌傳
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Wu Wuxi 認識
    Wenzhou

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhì
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17244
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjɯɡs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to put a mark
    2. to remember
    3. mark; sign
    4. flag
    5. raised words on an ancient bell or cauldron

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sik, ji) (hangeul , , revised sik, ji, McCune-Reischauer sik, chi, Yale sik, ci)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thức)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.