pat

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Pat, PAT, pAt, p3t, -pat, рат, päť, pa̍t, and pąt

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pæt/, [pʰæt], [pʰæt̚], [pʰæˀt̚], enPR: pǎt
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English *patten, alteration (with loss of medial l) of platten, pletten (to pat), from Old English plættan (to buffet, strike, slap, smack, give a sounding blow), from Proto-Germanic *plat- (to strike, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *blod-, *bled- (to strike, beat). Cognate with Middle Dutch platten, pletten (to strike, bruise, crush, rub), German platzen (to split, burst, break up), Bavarian patzen (to pat), Swedish plätta, pjätta (to pat, tap). For loss of l, compare patch for platch; pate for plate, etc. See plat.

Noun[edit]

pat (plural pats)

  1. The sound of a light slap or tap with a soft flat object, especially of a footstep
  2. A light tap or slap, especially with the hands
  3. A flattish lump of soft matter, especially butter or dung.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

pat (third-person singular simple present pats, present participle patting, simple past and past participle patted)

  1. To (gently) tap the flat of one's hand on a person or thing.
    To show affection, he decided he would pat the boy on the head.
    • 1877, Anna Sewell, Black Beauty Chapter 22[1]
      He came round to each of us to pat and speak to us for the last time; his voice sounded very sad.
  2. To hit lightly and repeatedly with the flat of the hand to make smooth or flat
    I patted the cookie dough into shape.
    • 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Chapter 23
      Before they went to see Glinda, however, they were taken to a room of the Castle, where Dorothy washed her face and combed her hair, and the Lion shook the dust out of his mane, and the Scarecrow patted himself into his best shape, and the Woodman polished his tin and oiled his joints.
  3. (Britain, Australia, New Zealand) To stroke or fondle (an animal).
    Do you want to pat the cat?
  4. To gently rain.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

pat (comparative more pat, superlative most pat)

  1. Timely, suitable, apt, opportune, ready for the occasion; especially of things spoken.
    a pat expression
    • 1788, William Cowper, Pity for Africans, p 18
      A story so pat, you may think it is coined.
  2. Trite, being superficially complete, lacking originality.
    • 2010, New York Times, Editorial: Jobs and the Class of 2010, May 23.
      The pat answer is that college students should consider graduate school as a way to delay a job search until things turn around, and that more high school students should go to college to improve their prospects.
    • 2021 July 14, A. A. Dowd, “Space Jam: A New Legacy is one big, witless commercial for Warner Bros. properties”, in The A.V. Club[2]:
      Space Jam: A New Legacy takes almost nothing but wrong turns, all leading to a glittering CGI trash heap of cameos, pat life lessons, and stale internet catchphrases.
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pat (comparative more pat, superlative most pat)

  1. Opportunely, in a timely or suitable way.
    • c. 1600, William Shakespeare, Hamlet III.iii
      Now might I do it pat
  2. Perfectly.
    He has the routine down pat.
    • 1922, "At the Wauwatosa Table" (1922 Sept 22), City Club News, Milwaukee, vol viii no. 2 p. 7
      Wauwa Pease says of the strategic position of the Pirates in the dining room: “They have taken the table near the upper doorway so they can make a speedy exit in case their lair is raided.” Of course, the Wauwas stand pat in the middle of the dining room, having nothing to fear.
    • 1962, Newsweek
      Candidates in gubernatorial campaigns must stand pat in the middle, trying to push their rivals off the center line, charging the opponent with either left or right extremism.
    • 1995, Ken Saro-Wiwa, A Month and a Day, p. 112
      In Ogoni[land], Shell locations lie pat in the middle of villages, in front and back gardens – and that should lay a particular responsibility on Shell to be absolutely cautious in its operations.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation.

Noun[edit]

pat (plural pats)

  1. Patent.
  2. (knitting) Pattern.
    • 2012, Kari Cornell, Knitting Sweaters from around the World (page 52)
      Work in pat to next underarm marker, sm, place next st on holder []

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Alternative variant of participles patur, pasë, pasur. See pata (I had) (aorist form of kam (I have)) for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

pat

  1. participle of kam (present)
  2. participle of pata (aorist)

Related terms[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *pat(i)ō, from Latin patior. Compare Daco-Romanian păți.

Verb[edit]

pat (past participle pãtsitã)

  1. I experience, undergo (something bad, unpleasant, unexpected, etc.)

Related terms[edit]


Bakung[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Bariai[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat

  1. stone

References[edit]


Bintulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Bunun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Central Melanau[edit]

Central Melanau cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : pat

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of pat – see .
(This character, pat, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Chuukese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pat

  1. cold

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Via German Patt and French pat, from Italian patta.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat m

  1. (chess) stalemate
  2. stalemate (blocked situation)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat f

  1. genitive plural of pata

Further reading[edit]

  • pat in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pat in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat c

  1. alternative form of patte (teat)

Verb[edit]

pat

  1. imperative of patte (to suck)

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French pat, from Italian patta.

Noun[edit]

pat n (uncountable)

  1. (chess) tie, draw, stalemate
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat c (plural patten, diminutive patje n)

  1. (cycling) The slot in the frame that accepts the axle of the wheel; dropout.

Eskayan[edit]

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian patta (tie, draw), influenced by mat (mate).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat m (plural pats)

  1. (chess) stalemate

Descendants[edit]

  • German: Patt
  • Greek: πατ (pat)
  • Serbo-Croatian: pat
  • Slovak: pat

Further reading[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat n (genitive singular pats, no plural)

  1. gesticulation, gesture

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. Clipping of empat.

Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Javanese pat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Lamaholot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Latvian[edit]

Particle[edit]

pat

  1. even

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *patto. Cognates include Estonian patt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat

  1. sin

References[edit]

  • Lauri Kettunen (1938) Livisches Wörterbuch mit grammatischer Einleitung, Helsinki, page 277

Maguindanao[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Maia[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat

  1. stone

Malay[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : pat

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of empat, from Proto-Malayic *əmpat, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əmpat, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əmpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

pat (Jawi spelling ڤت)

  1. Alternative form of empat

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: pat

Manggarai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Maranao[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Philippine *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Marshallese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Micronesian *pasa, from Proto-Oceanic *basa, an alternate form of Proto-Oceanic *pasa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat

  1. swamp

References[edit]


Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From French pat, from Italian patta, from Old High German pfeit, from Proto-Germanic *paidō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat m anim

  1. (chess) stalemate

Declension[edit]


Puyuma[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Rejang Kayan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-North Sarawak *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Rembong[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

Numeral[edit]

pat

  1. four

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Often thought to be from Greek πάτος (pátos, path), but also possibly from Latin pactum (fastened, fixed, planted), with the loss of the -p- in the normal result, *papt, explicable through dissimilation from the initial consonant; compare păta, boteza. [2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat n (plural paturi)

  1. bed

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "pat" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ Romanian Explanatory Dictionary

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French pat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

pat m (Cyrillic spelling пат)

  1. (chess) stalemate

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French pat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat m (genitive singular patu, nominative plural paty, genitive plural patov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. (chess) stalemate

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pat in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Tocharian B[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat

  1. stupa

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French particularité.

Noun[edit]

pat (nominative plural pats)

  1. particularity

Declension[edit]


Zou[edit]

Noun[edit]

pat

  1. cotton

References[edit]