butter

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English[edit]

A stick of butter (food made of cream) with a butter knife.
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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English butere ‎(butter), from Proto-Germanic *buterǭ ‎(butter) (compare West Frisian buter, Dutch boter, German Butter), from Latin būtȳrum, from Ancient Greek βούτῡρον ‎(boútūron, cow cheese), compound of βοῦς ‎(boûs, ox, cow) and τῡρός ‎(tūrós, cheese), from Scythian.

Compare Avestan 𐬌𐬭𐬌𐬏𐬙 ‎(tūiri, curdled milk, whey)), from Proto-Indo-European *tuHrós (compare Middle Indic [script needed] ‎(tūra, cheese), Russian творо́г ‎(tvoróg, curds, soft cheese), Old English þweran ‎(to churn), geþweor ‎(curds)).

Noun[edit]

butter ‎(usually uncountable, plural butters)

  1. (uncountable) A soft, fatty foodstuff made by churning the cream of milk (generally cow's milk).
  2. (countable, obsolete, chemistry) Any specific soft substance.
    butter of antimony
  3. (uncountable) Any of various foodstuffs made from other foods or oils, similar in consistency to, eaten like or intended as a substitute for butter (preceded by the name of the food used to make it).
    peanut butter
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Verb[edit]

butter ‎(third-person singular simple present butters, present participle buttering, simple past and past participle buttered)

  1. (transitive) To spread butter on.
    Butter the toast.
  2. to move one's weight backwards or forwards onto the tips or tails of one's skis or snowboard so only the tip or tail is in contact with the snow.
  3. (slang, obsolete, transitive) To increase (stakes) at every throw of dice, or every game.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
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Etymology 2[edit]

butt +‎ -er

Noun[edit]

butter ‎(plural butters)

  1. Someone who butts, or who butts in.
    • 2005, David E. Fastovsky, ‎David B. Weishampel, The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs (page 156)
      [] these animals lacked self-correcting mechanisms of the kind seen in modern head-butters such as goats and big-horn sheep that would have kept the tremendous forces aligned with the rest of the skeleton.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From butte.

Verb[edit]

butter

  1. to heap
    butter les pommes de terre.

Conjugation[edit]

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Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

butter (comparative buttrare, superlative buttrast)

  1. grumpy

Declension[edit]