voi

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Aromanian

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Etymology 1

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From Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs. Compare Romanian voi.

Pronoun

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voi

  1. (second-person plural pronoun, nominative form) you (plural), you all (group being addressed)

Pronoun

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voi

  1. (long/stressed accusative form) you (group being addressed)
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See also

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Etymology 2

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From Vulgar Latin voleō, from Latin volō.

Alternative forms

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Verb

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voi first-singular present indicative (third-person singular present indicative va, past participle vrutã)

  1. to want
  2. to love
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Asturian

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Verb

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voi

  1. first-person singular present indicative of dir

Bavarian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle High German vol, from Old High German foll, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós. Cognates include German voll, Low German vull, Dutch vol, English full, Danish fuld, Swedish full.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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voi (comparative voller, superlative voistn)

  1. full, filled
  2. drunk

Adverb

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voi

  1. fully
  2. very, quite, really

Bourguignon

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Etymology

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From Old French veoir, from Latin videre, present active infinitive of video.

Verb

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voi

  1. to see
    Les houmes n'aiveint de lote vie jaimois voizu teis princes que ceus-lai tant ai sont vaillants et porfaits
    The men had never seen such vaillant and perfect princes as those

Conjugation

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Corsican

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin vos, from Old Latin vos, from Proto-Italic *wōs. Cognates include Italian voi and Romanian voi.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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voi

  1. ye, you (plural)

See also

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References

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Dalmatian

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Etymology

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From Latin vōs. Compare Italian voi, Romanian voi, French vous.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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voi

  1. (second-person plural pronoun, oblique case) you
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Finnish

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Finnic *voi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *waje.[1] Cognates include Estonian või, Northern Sami vuodja, Erzya ой (oj), Moksha вай (vaj) and Hungarian vaj.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʋoi̯/, [ˈʋo̞i̯]
  • Rhymes: -oi
  • Syllabification(key): voi

Noun

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voi

  1. butter
    voi on aina voita (Valio advertising slogan used for many decades)butter is always butter
Declension
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Inflection of voi (Kotus type 18/maa, no gradation)
nominative voi voit
genitive voin voiden
voitten
partitive voita voita
illative voihin voihin
singular plural
nominative voi voit
accusative nom. voi voit
gen. voin
genitive voin voiden
voitten
partitive voita voita
inessive voissa voissa
elative voista voista
illative voihin voihin
adessive voilla voilla
ablative voilta voilta
allative voille voille
essive voina voina
translative voiksi voiksi
abessive voitta voitta
instructive voin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of voi (Kotus type 18/maa, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative voini voini
accusative nom. voini voini
gen. voini
genitive voini voideni
voitteni
partitive voitani voitani
inessive voissani voissani
elative voistani voistani
illative voihini voihini
adessive voillani voillani
ablative voiltani voiltani
allative voilleni voilleni
essive voinani voinani
translative voikseni voikseni
abessive voittani voittani
instructive
comitative voineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative voisi voisi
accusative nom. voisi voisi
gen. voisi
genitive voisi voidesi
voittesi
partitive voitasi voitasi
inessive voissasi voissasi
elative voistasi voistasi
illative voihisi voihisi
adessive voillasi voillasi
ablative voiltasi voiltasi
allative voillesi voillesi
essive voinasi voinasi
translative voiksesi voiksesi
abessive voittasi voittasi
instructive
comitative voinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative voimme voimme
accusative nom. voimme voimme
gen. voimme
genitive voimme voidemme
voittemme
partitive voitamme voitamme
inessive voissamme voissamme
elative voistamme voistamme
illative voihimme voihimme
adessive voillamme voillamme
ablative voiltamme voiltamme
allative voillemme voillemme
essive voinamme voinamme
translative voiksemme voiksemme
abessive voittamme voittamme
instructive
comitative voinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative voinne voinne
accusative nom. voinne voinne
gen. voinne
genitive voinne voidenne
voittenne
partitive voitanne voitanne
inessive voissanne voissanne
elative voistanne voistanne
illative voihinne voihinne
adessive voillanne voillanne
ablative voiltanne voiltanne
allative voillenne voillenne
essive voinanne voinanne
translative voiksenne voiksenne
abessive voittanne voittanne
instructive
comitative voinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative voinsa voinsa
accusative nom. voinsa voinsa
gen. voinsa
genitive voinsa voidensa
voittensa
partitive voitaan
voitansa
voitaan
voitansa
inessive voissaan
voissansa
voissaan
voissansa
elative voistaan
voistansa
voistaan
voistansa
illative voihinsa voihinsa
adessive voillaan
voillansa
voillaan
voillansa
ablative voiltaan
voiltansa
voiltaan
voiltansa
allative voilleen
voillensa
voilleen
voillensa
essive voinaan
voinansa
voinaan
voinansa
translative voikseen
voiksensa
voikseen
voiksensa
abessive voittaan
voittansa
voittaan
voittansa
instructive
comitative voineen
voinensa
Derived terms
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adjectives
nouns
verbs
compounds

References

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  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri, Kallio, Petri, Holopainen, Sampsa, Kuokkala, Juha, Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “voi”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01

Further reading

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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Finnic *voi (compare Ingrian voi, Karelian voi, Livonian võih, Ludian voi, Veps voi).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʋoi̯/, [ˈʋo̞i̯]
  • Rhymes: -oi
  • Syllabification(key): voi

Interjection

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voi

  1. oh, bloody, damn, too (used as intensifier before expletives, mild and vulgar alike)
    Alternative form: voe (dialectal)
    Voi ei!Oh no!
    Voi hyvä Luoja!Oh my God!
    Voi helvetti!Bloody hell! / Damn it! / Dammit!
    Voi vittu! / Voi perkele! / Voi saatana!Oh fuck! / Fuck! / Fuck it!
    Voi hitto! / Voi hurja!Buggers!
    Voi kiesus!Jesus!
    Voi sentään!Too bad!
  2. poor (used to express sympathy)
    Voi sinua!Poor you!
Derived terms
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Further reading

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Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʋoi̯/, [ˈʋo̞i̯]
  • Rhymes: -oi
  • Syllabification(key): voi

Verb

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voi

  1. third-person singular indicative present of voida
    Hän voi auttaa.
    S/he can help.
  2. third-person singular indicative past of voida

Etymology 4

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʋoi̯ˣ/, [ˈʋo̞i̯(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -oi
  • Syllabification(key): voi

Verb

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voi

  1. indicative present connegative of voida
    En voi auttaa.
    I cannot help.
  2. second-person singular imperative present of voida
    Voi hyvin!
    Be/Do well!
  3. second-person singular imperative present connegative of voida
    Älä voi hyvin!
    Don't be/do well!

Anagrams

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Ingrian

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Etymology 1

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Voi (1).
Voi (2).

From Proto-Finnic *voi. Cognates include Finnish voi and Estonian või.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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voi

  1. butter
  2. oil
    • 1937, V. A. Tetjurev, translated by N. J. Molotsova, Loonnontiito oppikirja alkușkoulua vart (toin osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 16:
      Näijen kasvoin seemenist, niku i podsolnuhast, puserrettaa voita.
      From the seeds of these plants, just like from sunflowers, oil is pressed.
Declension
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Declension of voi (type 8/maa, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative voi voit
genitive voin voijen
partitive voita voita
illative voihe voihe
inessive vois vois
elative voist voist
allative voille voille
adessive voil voil
ablative voilt voilt
translative voiks voiks
essive voinna, voin voinna, voin
exessive1) voint voint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Finnic *voi. Cognates include Finnish voi and Estonian voi.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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voi

  1. oh, woe
    ai voioh-oh

Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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voi

  1. inflection of voija:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. third-person singular indicative past
    3. second-person singular imperative
    4. second-person singular imperative connegative

References

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  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 675

Italian

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Etymology

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From Latin vōs, from Old Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs, ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

Cognates with the same usage are the French vous and the Russian вы (vy).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈvoj/[1]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -oj
  • Hyphenation: vói

Pronoun

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voi

  1. you (second person plural)
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See also

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References

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  1. ^ voi in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams

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Latgalian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Livonian vȯi. Akin to Latvian vai.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈvɔ̀i̯]
  • Hyphenation: voi

Conjunction

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voi

  1. or

References

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  • Nicole Nau (2011) A short grammar of Latgalian, München: LINCOM GmbH, →ISBN

Ludian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *voi.

Pronunciation

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This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

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voi

  1. butter

Declension

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This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Megleno-Romanian

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin voleō, from Latin volō.[1] Compare Aromanian voi, Romanian vrea, voi.

Verb

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voi

  1. I want.
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References

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  • Atasanov, Petar (1990) Le mégléno-roumain de nos jours: Une approche linguistique, Hamburg: Buske

Middle Vietnamese

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Etymology

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From Proto-Vietic *-vɔːj.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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voi (, 𤠅, 𤢇)

  1. (zoology) elephant
    voi dữwild elephant
    vòi voielephant trunk
    Voi mẹp.
    The elephant lies down (to allow a human to mount).
    bành voian elephant's howdah
    Voi thăóc (kêu, róu᷄).
    The elephant trumpets.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Vietnamese: voi

References

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Piedmontese

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Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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voi

  1. you (second person plural)
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Romanian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Latin vōs, from Old Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs.

Pronoun

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voi

  1. (nominative form) you (group being addressed)
    Synonym: (polite form) dumneavoastră
Declension
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Nominative
voi
Accusative
stressed unstressed
voi
Genitive
Singular Plural
m & n f m f & n
vostru voastră voștri voastre
Dative
stressed unstressed
vouă
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
voi vouă

Pronoun

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voi (stressed accusative form of voi)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la" or "pentru") you (group being addressed)
See also
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Etymology 2

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Formed on the basis of voi, the variant first person singular of vrea (normally vreau), possibly from Vulgar Latin volēre for Latin velle. Compare Aromanian voi.

See also further information at va.

Verb

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(eu) voi (modal auxiliary, first-person singular form of vrea, used with infinitives to form future indicative tenses)

  1. (I) will
Usage notes
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As a modal auxiliary, voi and its other forms are used with the infinitive forms of verbs.

  • Voi mânca când vreau.
    I will eat when I want to.
  • Crezi tu că vor veni?
    Do you think they will come?
Conjugation
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Etymology 3

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Unknown. Possibly from voie and influenced by the above and vrea (compare variant vroi). Compare Slavic voliti.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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a voi (third-person singular present voiește, past participle voit) 4th conj.

  1. to want
    Synonym: vrea
  2. to want to, intend, be inclined to
    Synonym: intenționa
Conjugation
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Sassarese

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Etymology

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From Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs, from the oblique forms of Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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voi

  1. you (plural)
    • c. 19th century, anonymous author, “[untitled song]”, in Giovanni Spano, editor, Canti popolari in dialetto sassarese[4], volume 1 (overall work in Italian and Sassarese), Cagliari, published 1873, song 2, page 63:
      Mireddi s’in calch’ iltanti
      Edda si moltra affannadda,
      Oppuru appassionadda
      Sulpira par altr’ amanti,
      Mireddi si calchi iltanti
      Ha di voi cumpassioni.
      [Mireddi s’in calch’ isthanti
      Edda si mosthra affannadda,
      Oppuru appassionadda
      Suippira par althr’ amanti,
      Mireddi si calchi isthanti
      Ha di voi cumpassioni.]
      Look if, sometimes, she seems tired; or [if] she passionately sighs for other lovers. Look if, sometimes, she pities you.
      (literally, “Look if in some instants she appears tired, or passionate sighs for other lovers, look if [in] some instants [she] has of you compassion.”)
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See also

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References

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  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Sicilian

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin *boem, from Latin bōs, bovem. Compare Italian bue.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈvɔ.i/
  • Hyphenation: vò‧i

Noun

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voi m

  1. (zoology) ox (castrated male of cattle)

Descendants

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  • Italian: Lo Voi (from “lu voi”)

Further reading

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  • Traina, Antonino (1868) “voi”, in Nuovo vocabolario Siciliano-Italiano [New Sicilian-Italian vocabulary] (in Italian), Liber Liber, published 2020, pages 4577–4578

Veps

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *voi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *waje.

Pronunciation

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This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

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voi

  1. butter

Inflection

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Inflection of voi (inflection type 2/kodi)
nominative sing. voi
genitive sing. voin
partitive sing. void
partitive plur. void
singular plural
nominative voi void
accusative voin void
genitive voin voiden
partitive void void
essive-instructive voin voin
translative voikš voikš
inessive voiš voiš
elative voišpäi voišpäi
illative voihe voihe
adessive voil voil
ablative voilpäi voilpäi
allative voile voile
abessive voita voita
comitative voinke voidenke
prolative voidme voidme
approximative I voinno voidenno
approximative II voinnoks voidennoks
egressive voinnopäi voidennopäi
terminative I voihesai voihesai
terminative II voilesai voilesai
terminative III voissai
additive I voihepäi voihepäi
additive II voilepäi voilepäi

Derived terms

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References

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  • Zajceva, N. G., Mullonen, M. I. (2007) “масло”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary]‎[5], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Vietnamese

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Etymology

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From Middle Vietnamese (voi), from Proto-Vietic *-vɔːj. Related to vòi (trunk).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(classifier con, thớt) voi (, 𤠅, 𤢇)

  1. an elephant (mammal)
    ngà voielephant tusks
    Thầy bói xem voiFortune-Tellers Examining an Elephant

Usage notes

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  • The usage of the classifier thớt is now mostly archaic or historical.

See also

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Derived terms

Votic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *voi.

Pronunciation

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  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈvoi̯/, [ˈvoi̯]
  • Rhymes: -oi̯
  • Hyphenation: voi

Interjection

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voi

  1. oh

References

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  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) “voi”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn