lui

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Lui, luì, and luí

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille). Compare Romanian lui.

Pronoun[edit]

lui m ‎(genitive form of el, feminine equivalent ljei, plural lor)

  1. his

Pronoun[edit]

lui m ‎((long/stressed) dative form of el, feminine equivalent ljei, plural lor)

  1. to him

Related terms[edit]

  • ljei (feminine equivalent)
  • el/elu (masculine singular nominative and masculine singular accusative- long/stressed form)
  • ãlj/ilj/lji (masculine/feminine singular dative- short/unstressed form)
  • ãl (masculine singular accusative- short/unstressed form)
  • (a) lor (masculine/feminine plural genitive and masculine/feminine plural dative- long/stressed form)

Usage notes[edit]

It is always preceded by 'a'- "a lui".


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch loy, further etymology unsure. May be cognate with the Old Norse adjective lúinn ‎(exhausted).

Adjective[edit]

lui ‎(comparative luier, superlative luist)

  1. lazy
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of lui
uninflected lui
inflected luie
comparative luier
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial lui luier het luist
het luiste
indefinite m./f. sing. luie luiere luiste
n. sing. lui luier luiste
plural luie luiere luiste
definite luie luiere luiste
partitive luis luiers
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Short form of luiden, a variant of lieden.[1]

Noun[edit]

lui pl ‎(plurale tantum, diminutive luitjes n)

  1. Alternative form of lieden
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ de Vries / de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Utrecht 1986 (14de druk), ISBN 90-274-3459-X; article lieden

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French louer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lui ‎(present luas, past luis, future luos, conditional luus, volitive luu)

  1. (transitive) to rent (something from someone)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a Vulgar Latin form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille). The -ui ending in Vulgar Latin illui is due to the influence of cui.[1]

Cognate with Italian lui.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

lui

  1. him, he; the third-person masculine singular personal pronoun used after a preposition, or as the predicate of a linking verb, or when disjoined from a sentence, or as a stressed subject.
    J'habitais avec lui.
    I was living with him.
    C'est lui qui a dit cela.
    It's he who said that.
    Lui, il n'en sait rien.
    He doesn't know anything about it.
    • 1873, Alphonse Daudet, Contes du Lundi, La Dernière Classe:
      Je crois aussi que je n'avais jamais si bien écouté, et que lui non plus n'avait jamais mis autant de patience à ses explications.
      I believe also that I had never listened so well, and that neither had he ever put so much patience into his explanations.
  2. Him, her; the third-person singular personal pronoun used as an indirect object.
    Je lui ai donné le livre.
    I gave the book to him/her.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), “il”, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Etymology 2[edit]

see the verb luire

Verb[edit]

lui ‎(intransitive, hence invariable)

  1. past participle of luire

External links[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a Vulgar Latin form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille).

Pronoun[edit]

lui

  1. he
  2. you (formal)

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a Vulgar Latin form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille). The ūi in illūi is modelled under influence of Vulgar Latin cūi (see Classical Latin cui).[1]

Pronoun[edit]

lui ‎(plural loro, feminine lei)

  1. he
  2. him (indirect form of lui used after a preposition)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, page 130

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

luī

  1. first-person singular perfect active indicative of luō

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

lui m ‎(genitive form of el, feminine equivalent ei, plural lor)

  1. his
    Au ceasul lui?
    Do they have his watch?

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

lui m ‎(stressed dative form of el, feminine equivalent ei, plural lor)

  1. (indirect object, third-person singular) to him

Synonyms[edit]

  • îi (unstressed form)

Related terms[edit]