gli

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Italian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • li (archaic)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (before a consonant) /ʎi/, (before a vowel) /ʎ/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illī (nominative masculine plural of ille).

Article[edit]

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

gli m pl (singular lo)

  1. Form of the article i (the) used before a vowel, impure s, gn, pn, ps, x, y, and z, and also with the plural noun dei (gods); the
    gli alberithe trees
    gli studentithe students
    gli gnomithe gnomes
    gli pneumaticithe tires
    gli xilofonithe xylophones
    gli yogurtthe yogurts
    gli zainithe backpacks
    gli deithe gods

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin illī (dative masculine singular of ille).

Pronoun[edit]

gli m (plural gli)

  1. (dative) him, to him; it; to it
    Gli parlo.I talk to him.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third-person direct-object clitic pronoun (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin illī (dative feminine singular of ille).

Pronoun[edit]

gli f (plural gli)

  1. (dative, informal) her, to her
    • ca. 1349-1353, Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron, Tommaso Edlin (1725), page 98:
      […] ne prima altro fece, che ella s’ingegnò di veder Beltramo, & appreſſo nel coſpetto del Re venuta di gratia chieſe, che la ſua infermita gli moſtraſſe.
      Before aught else she studied to see Bertrand and next, presenting herself before the king, she prayed him of his favour to show her his ailment.
    Synonym: le
    Ho detto a Gianna che gli telefono domani.
    I told Gianna I'd call her tomorrow.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third-person direct-object clitic pronoun (lo, la, li, le, or ne).
  • Although historically attested and etymologically justifiable (from illī f sg) this form is still considered informal.[1]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Latin illīs (dative plural of ille).

Pronoun[edit]

gli m pl, f pl

  1. (dative) them, to them
    Gli parlerò.I'll talk to them.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third-person direct-object clitic pronoun (lo, la, li, le, or ne).
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana (2012), “gli o le?”, in La grammatica italiana[1]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German gliden

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gli (imperative gli, present tense glir, simple past glei, past participle glidd or glitt or glide)

  1. to slip (to lose one's traction on a slippery surface)
    Han glei på isen.
    He slipped on the ice.
  2. to glide (to move effortlessly)
    Skia glir godt.
    The skis glide well.

References[edit]