gli

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Italian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • li (archaic)

Etymology[edit]

From earlier li, from Latin illī (nominative plural and dative singular of ille).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (before a consonant) /ʎi/, (before a vowel) /ʎ/

Article[edit]

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

gli m pl (singular lo)

  1. Form of the article i (the) used before a vowel, impure s, gn, pn, ps, x, and z, and also with the plural noun dei (gods); the
    gli alberithe trees
    gli studentithe students
    gli gnomithe gnomes
    gli zainithe backpacks

Pronoun[edit]

gli m (female le, plural gli)

  1. (dative) him, to him; it; to it
    Gli parlo.I talk to him.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Only elides before a following i.
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third person direct object clitic (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

Pronoun[edit]

gli f

  1. (dative, informal, nonstandard) her, to her
    Synonym: le
    Ho detto a Gianna che gli telefono domani.
    I told Gianna I'd call her tomorrow.

Usage notes[edit]

Frequently replacing the regular form le in informal communication.

Pronoun[edit]

gli m pl, f pl

  1. (dative) them, to them
    Synonym: loro (formal)
    Gli parlerò.I'll talk to them.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In formal speech and writing the alternative form loro (to them) is preferred.
  • Becomes glie when followed by a third person direct object clitic (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, →ISBN, page 126

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German gliden

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gli (imperative gli, present tense glir, simple past glei, past participle glidd or glitt or glide)

  1. to slip (to lose one's traction on a slippery surface)
    Han glei på isen.
    He slipped on the ice.
  2. to glide (to move effortlessly)
    Skia glir godt.
    The skis glide well.

References[edit]