کره

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See also: كره‎, كرة‎, گره‎, گڑھ‎, گرہ, and ك ر ه

Persian[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian *karag. Related to Middle Armenian կարագ (karag) and Arabic كَرَج(karaj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari مسکه
Iranian Persian کره
Tajik равған (ravġan)

کره (kare) (plural کره‌ها(kare-hâ))

  1. butter
    کره تازه‎ ― kare-ye tâzefresh butter
  2. mouldiness, mustiness
Derived terms[edit]
adjectives
nouns

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic كُرَة(kura).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

کره (kore) (plural کرات(korât) or کره‌ها(kore-hâ))

  1. globe, sphere
  2. planet
    Synonym: سیاره(sayâre)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (kwlk' /kurrag/, colt), from Old Iranian *kurna-ka-, a derivative of the Proto-Iranian root which gave Bakhtiari کر(kowr), Northern Kurdish kur (boy, son). Cognate with Northern Kurdish kurrik, Zazaki kurrî, kirrêk, kirri, kurik, kurrik, Talysh kırə, and akin to Middle Armenian քուռակ (kʿuṙak), Armenian քուռակ (kʿuṙak), քուռիկ (kʿuṙik), Aghwan 𐕣𐕒𐕡𐕙𐕒𐕡𐕄 (kuruḳ), Georgian ქორაკი (koraḳi), კურაკი (ḳuraḳi), კურატი (ḳuraṭi), კურიჰკაჲ (ḳurihḳay), კურიკაჲ (ḳuriḳay), კურია (ḳuria), ქვირანაჸი (kviranaʾi), ქვირა (kvira), კურო (ḳuro), Arabic كُرَّج(kurraj), Iranian borrowings.

Ultimately perhaps inherited from Proto-Indo-European and cognate with Hittite [script needed] (kurka-, foal, colt), Hesychian Ancient Greek κύρνος (kúrnos, bastard son).

Pronunciation[edit]

کره خر (korre-ye xar, donkey foal)

Noun[edit]

کره (korre) (plural کره‌ها(korre-hâ))

  1. colt, foal
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “քուռակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 594
  • Bielmeier, Roland (1993), “Das Alanische bei Tzetzes”, in W. Skalmowski and A. van Tongerloo, editors, Medioiranica: Proceedings of the International Colloquium organized by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven from the 21st to 23rd of May 1990 (in German), Leuven: Peeters, pages 14–15, footnote 15
  • Edelʹman, D. I. (2011) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume IV, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 375
  • Puhvel, Jaan (1997), “kurka-”, in Hittite Etymological Dictionary (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 14), volume 4, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 267–268

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabic كَرْه(karh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

کره (karh)

  1. aversion, dislike
    Synonyms: بیمیلی(bi-meyli), اکراه(ekrâh)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From French Corée.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Dari کره
Iranian Persian
Tajik Корея (Koreya)

کره (kore)

  1. Korea (a country in East Asia, now divided in two)
Derived terms[edit]