کره

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See also:كره⁩, ⁧كرة⁩, ⁧گره⁩, ⁧گڑھ⁩, ⁧گرہ, andك ر ه

Khalaj[edit]

Noun[edit]

کَره⁩ (kara, kərə) (definite accusativeکَره‌نی or کَره‌نؽ⁩, pluralکَره‌لَر or کَره‌لار⁩)

  1. Arabic spelling of kara, kərə (butter)

Declension[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
کره
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian *karag. Related to Middle Armenian կարագ (karag) and Arabicكَرَج(karaj).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? kara
Dari reading? kara
Iranian reading? kare
Tajik reading? kara

Noun[edit]

Dari مسکه
Iranian Persian کره
Tajik маска

کره (kare) (pluralکره‌ها(kare-hâ))

  1. butter
    کره تازه⁩ ― kare-ye tâzefresh butter
  2. mouldiness, mustiness
Derived terms[edit]
adjectives
nouns
Descendants[edit]
  • Khalaj: kara

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicكُرَة(kura).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? kura
Dari reading? kura
Iranian reading? kore
Tajik reading? kura

Noun[edit]

کره (kore) (pluralکرات(korât) orکره‌ها(kore-hâ))

  1. globe, sphere
  2. planet
    Synonym:سیاره(sayâre)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (kwlk' /⁠kurrag⁠/, colt), from Old Iranian *kurna-ka-, a derivative of the Proto-Iranian root which gave Bakhtiariکر(kowr), Northern Kurdish kur (boy, son). Cognate with Northern Kurdish kurrik, Zazaki kurrî, kirrêk, kirri, kurik, kurrik, Talysh kırə, and akin to Middle Armenian քուռակ (kʿuṙak), Armenian քուռակ (kʿuṙak), քուռիկ (kʿuṙik), Aghwan 𐕣𐕒𐕡𐕙𐕒𐕡𐕄 (kuruḳ), Georgian ქორაკი (koraḳi), კურაკი (ḳuraḳi), კურატი (ḳuraṭi), კურიჰკაჲ (ḳurihḳay), კურიკაჲ (ḳuriḳay), კურია (ḳuria), ქვირანაჸი (kviranaʾi), ქვირა (kvira), კურო (ḳuro), Arabicكُرَّج(kurraj), Iranian borrowings.

Ultimately perhaps inherited from Proto-Indo-European and cognate with Hittite [script needed] (kurka-, foal, colt), Hesychian Ancient Greek κύρνος (kúrnos, bastard son).

Pronunciation[edit]

کره خر(korra xar, donkey foal)
 

Readings
Classical reading? kurra
Dari reading? kurra
Iranian reading? korre
Tajik reading? kurra

Noun[edit]

کره (korre) (pluralکره‌ها(korre-hâ))

  1. colt, foal
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “քուռակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 594
  • Bielmeier, Roland (1993), “Das Alanische bei Tzetzes”, in W. Skalmowski and A. van Tongerloo, editors, Medioiranica: Proceedings of the International Colloquium organized by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven from the 21st to 23rd of May 1990 (in German), Leuven: Peeters, pages 14–15, footnote 15
  • Edelʹman, D. I. (2011) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume IV, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 375
  • Puhvel, Jaan (1997), “kurka-”, in Hittite Etymological Dictionary (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 14), volume 4, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 267–268

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabicكَرْه(karh).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? karh
Dari reading? karh
Iranian reading? karh
Tajik reading? karh

Noun[edit]

کره (karh)

  1. aversion, dislike
    Synonyms:بیمیلی(bi-meyli), ⁧اکراه(ekrâh)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Borrowed from French Corée.

Pronunciation[edit]

Readings
Iranian reading? kore

Proper noun[edit]

Dari کوریا
Iranian Persian کره
Tajik Корея

کُرِه (kore)

  1. (chiefly Iran) Korea (a country in East Asia, now divided in two)
Derived terms[edit]