kara

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Kara, kára, Kára, kära, karā, karą, kāra, kaŗa, and kaŗā

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Punjabi ਕੜਾ (kaṛā).

Noun[edit]

kara (plural karas)

  1. (Sikhism) A bangle worn by Sikhs, one of the five Ks, to remind them to do God's work.

Anagrams[edit]


Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kara

  1. Romanization of ᬓᬭ
  2. Romanization of ᬓᬵᬭ

Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Breton karout and Welsh caru.

Verb[edit]

kara (irregular)

  1. to love

Conjugation[edit]

Indicative Subjunctive Imperative
Pres-fut Imperfect Preterite Conditional Pres-fut Imperfect
1s karav karen keris karsen kyrriv karren -
2s kerydh kares kersys karses kyrri karres kar
3s kar kara karas karsa karro karra kares
1p keryn karen kersyn karsen kerryn karren keryn
2p kerowgh karewgh kersowgh karsewgh kerrowgh karrewgh kerowgh
3p karons karens kersons karsens karrons karrens karens
0 kerir kares karas karsys kyrrer karrys -
Present participle: ow kara
Verbal adjective: kerys

Mutation[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian caro.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkara/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ra
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Audio:
    (file)

Adjective[edit]

kara (accusative singular karan, plural karaj, accusative plural karajn)

  1. dear

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑrɑ/, [ˈkɑrɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑrɑ
  • Syllabification: ka‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kara.

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. a dried branch, rib of a leaf or other similar dried part of a plant
    Synonym: karahka
  2. core (uneaten part of an apple or similar fruit)
  3. core of a pirn (in a weaving shuttle)
  4. (machining) spindle
  5. core (in injection molding)
  6. spindle (of a door or window handle, etc.)
  7. pin (a piece of wood, partly inserted inside the wall, that supports the frame of a window or door)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kara karat
genitive karan karojen
partitive karaa karoja
illative karaan karoihin
singular plural
nominative kara karat
accusative nom. kara karat
gen. karan
genitive karan karojen
karainrare
partitive karaa karoja
inessive karassa karoissa
elative karasta karoista
illative karaan karoihin
adessive karalla karoilla
ablative karalta karoilta
allative karalle karoille
essive karana karoina
translative karaksi karoiksi
instructive karoin
abessive karatta karoitta
comitative karoineen
Possessive forms of kara (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person karani karamme
2nd person karasi karanne
3rd person karansa
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. Synonym of koskikara (bird of the genus Cinclus)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kara karat
genitive karan karojen
partitive karaa karoja
illative karaan karoihin
singular plural
nominative kara karat
accusative nom. kara karat
gen. karan
genitive karan karojen
karainrare
partitive karaa karoja
inessive karassa karoissa
elative karasta karoista
illative karaan karoihin
adessive karalla karoilla
ablative karalta karoilta
allative karalle karoille
essive karana karoina
translative karaksi karoiksi
instructive karoin
abessive karatta karoitta
comitative karoineen
Possessive forms of kara (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person karani karamme
2nd person karasi karanne
3rd person karansa

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of karamboli.

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. carom billiards, carambole
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kara karat
genitive karan karojen
partitive karaa karoja
illative karaan karoihin
singular plural
nominative kara karat
accusative nom. kara karat
gen. karan
genitive karan karojen
karainrare
partitive karaa karoja
inessive karassa karoissa
elative karasta karoista
illative karaan karoihin
adessive karalla karoilla
ablative karalta karoilta
allative karalle karoille
essive karana karoina
translative karaksi karoiksi
instructive karoin
abessive karatta karoitta
comitative karoineen
Possessive forms of kara (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person karani karamme
2nd person karasi karanne
3rd person karansa

Anagrams[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kara

  1. Romanization of 𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌰

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From kar +‎ -a (possessive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɒrɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ra

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. third-person singular single-possession possessive of kar (in the sense “faculty” or “ensemble”) (the corresponding suffixed form in the sense of “arm” or “lever” is karja)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kara
accusative karát
dative karának
instrumental karával
causal-final karáért
translative karává
terminative karáig
essive-formal karaként
essive-modal karául
inessive karában
superessive karán
adessive karánál
illative karába
sublative karára
allative karához
elative karából
delative karáról
ablative karától
non-attributive
possessive - singular
karáé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
karáéi

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kara

  1. dear

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kara

  1. Rōmaji transcription of から

Karaim[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kara

  1. black

References[edit]


Karao[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. purpose; motive; intention

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara m

  1. genitive singular form of karš

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle High German karre, ultimately from Latin carrus, from Gaulish karros, from Proto-Celtic *karros (wagon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara f (diminutive karka)

  1. cart, wagon

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. city
    Synonym: waria

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Nias[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara (mutated form gara)

  1. stone

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara n

  1. definite plural of kar

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara n

  1. definite plural of kar

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kar-, perhaps from the same Proto-Indo-European root as Latin garriō (chatter). Cognate with Old English caru, Old High German chara (grief), Old Norse kǫr (sickbed), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌰 (kara).

Noun[edit]

kara f

  1. grief, sorrow
  2. anxiety

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Oroqen[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kara

  1. dark

References[edit]

  • Whaley, Lindsay & Li, Fengxiang. (1998). The Suffix -Kan in Oroqen. Studies in Language. 22. 447-471. 10.1075/sl.22.2.06wha.



Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kara.

Noun[edit]

kara f

  1. punishment
  2. penalty, fine
    kara śmiercicapital punishment, death penalty
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. inflection of karo:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

kara

  1. feminine nominative/vocative singular of kary

Further reading[edit]

  • kara in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Rapa Nui[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. wing

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic 𐰴𐰺𐰀(qr¹a /kara/, dark, black; land; north), from Proto-Turkic *kara (dark, black).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kara (comparative daha kara, superlative en kara)

  1. black, dark
    kara büyüblack magic
    Synonym: siyah
    Antonyms: ak, beyaz
  2. brunette
  3. dark skinned
  4. (figuratively) evil, wicked, villainous
  5. (figuratively, archaic) courageous

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]
  • Adyghe: къарэ (qāră)

Noun[edit]

kara (definite accusative karayı, plural karalar)

  1. black
    Synonym: siyah
    Antonym: ak
  2. land, field
    kara göründü!land ahoy!
    Antonym: deniz
  3. (archaic) north
    Synonym: kuzey
    Antonyms: ak, güney

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative kara
Definite accusative karayı
Singular Plural
Nominative kara karalar
Definite accusative karayı karaları
Dative karaya karalara
Locative karada karalarda
Ablative karadan karalardan
Genitive karanın karaların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular karam karalarım
2nd singular karan karaların
3rd singular karası karaları
1st plural karamız karalarımız
2nd plural karanız karalarınız
3rd plural karaları karaları

See also[edit]

Colors in Turkish · renkler (layout · text)
     beyaz, ak      gri, boz      siyah, kara
             kırmızı, kızıl; al              turuncu; kahverengi, boz              sarı; bej
             limon çürüğü              yeşil             
             camgöbeği; turkuaz              gök, mavi              lacivert
             eflatun; mor              pembe; mor              yavruağzı

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. bay, inlet

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of kara
nominative sing. kara
genitive sing. karan
partitive sing. karad
partitive plur. karoid
singular plural
nominative kara karad
accusative karan karad
genitive karan karoiden
partitive karad karoid
essive-instructive karan karoin
translative karaks karoikš
inessive karas karoiš
elative karaspäi karoišpäi
illative ? karoihe
adessive karal karoil
ablative karalpäi karoilpäi
allative karale karoile
abessive karata karoita
comitative karanke karoidenke
prolative karadme karoidme
approximative I karanno karoidenno
approximative II karannoks karoidennoks
egressive karannopäi karoidennopäi
terminative I ? karoihesai
terminative II karalesai karoilesai
terminative III karassai
additive I ? karoihepäi
additive II karalepäi karoilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “бухта”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Wanyi[edit]

Noun[edit]

kara

  1. country
  2. stone

References[edit]

  • Mary Laughren, Rob Pensalfini, Tom Mylne, Accounting for verb-initial order in an Australian language, in Verb First: On the syntax of verb-initial languages (2005)