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See also: pénalty
- pœnalty (archaic)
From Middle French pénalité.
penalty (plural penalties)
- A legal sentence.
- The penalty for his crime was to do hard labor.
- A punishment for violating rules of procedure.
- 1900, Charles W[addell] Chesnutt, chapter I, in The House Behind the Cedars, Boston, Mass.; New York, N.Y.: Houghton, Mifflin and Company […], →OCLC:
- Was it so irreconcilable, Warwick wondered, as still to peal out the curfew bell, which at nine o'clock at night had clamorously warned all negroes, slave or free, that it was unlawful for them to be abroad after that hour, under penalty of imprisonment or whipping?
- (finance) A payment forfeited for an early withdrawal from an account or an investment.
- In sports
- (soccer) A direct free kick from the penalty spot, taken after a defensive foul in the penalty box; a penalty kick.
- (ice hockey) A punishment for an infraction of the rules, often in the form of being removed from play for a specified amount of time.
- A penalty was called when he tripped up his opponent.
- A disadvantageous consequence of a previous event.
- 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter XV, in Francesca Carrara. […], volume III, London: Richard Bentley, […], (successor to Henry Colburn), →OCLC, page 126:
- "But you, my noble, my generous girl!" exclaimed Lord Avonleigh, "I dare not let you pay the penalty of my former folly."
- → Gulf Arabic: بلنتي (balanti)
- → Portuguese: pênalti, penálti
- → Spanish: penalti
- → Swahili: penalti
punishment for violating rules of procedure
penalty kick — see penalty kick
punishment in ice hockey
Borrowed from English penalty.
- Hyphenation: pe‧nal‧ty
penalty m (plural penalty's, diminutive penalty'tje n)
Borrowed from English penalty, itself a borrowing from French pénalité (thus a reborrowing). Doublet of pénalité.
penalty m (plural penaltys or penalties)
- “penalty”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
Unadapted borrowing from French penalty or English penalty.
penalty n (plural penalty-uri)
Declension of penalty
|indefinite articulation||definite articulation||indefinite articulation||definite articulation|
|nominative/accusative||(un) penalty||penalty-ul||(niște) penalty-uri||penalty-urile|
|genitive/dative||(unui) penalty||penalty-ului||(unor) penalty-uri||penalty-urilor|
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *kʷey-
- English terms borrowed from Middle French
- English terms derived from Middle French
- English 3-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with usage examples
- English terms with quotations
- en:Football (soccer)
- en:Ice hockey
- Dutch terms borrowed from English
- Dutch terms derived from English
- Dutch terms with audio links
- Dutch lemmas
- Dutch nouns
- Dutch nouns with plural in -s
- Dutch masculine nouns
- French terms borrowed from English
- French terms derived from English
- French twice-borrowed terms
- French doublets
- French 3-syllable words
- French terms with IPA pronunciation
- French terms with audio links
- French lemmas
- French nouns
- French countable nouns
- French masculine nouns
- fr:Football (soccer)
- Romanian terms borrowed from French
- Romanian unadapted borrowings from French
- Romanian terms derived from French
- Romanian terms borrowed from English
- Romanian unadapted borrowings from English
- Romanian terms derived from English
- Romanian lemmas
- Romanian nouns
- Romanian countable nouns
- Romanian terms spelled with Y
- Romanian neuter nouns
- ro:Football (soccer)