straff

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From late Middle High German straf, further origin uncertain. However, a semantic connection Proto-Indo-European *(s)ter(h₁)- (to be stiff; be rigid; exert) has been proposed.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃtʁaf/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: straff

Adjective[edit]

straff (comparative straffer, superlative am straffsten)

  1. tight, firm, of an object that could also be slack

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German or German Low German; compare with German Strafe

Noun[edit]

straff m (definite singular straffen, indefinite plural straffer, definite plural straffene)

  1. a punishment
  2. a penalty
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

straff

  1. imperative of straffe

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German or German Low German; compare with German Strafe

Noun[edit]

straff f (definite singular straffa, indefinite plural straffer, definite plural straffene)

  1. a punishment
  2. a penalty

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

straff n or c

  1. a punishment, a penalty n
  2. (law) sentence n
  3. (soccer) penalty kick; Contraction of straffspark. c
  4. (ice hockey) penalty shot c

Declension[edit]

Declension of straff 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative straff straffet straff straffen
Genitive straffs straffets straffs straffens
Declension of straff 3, 4
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative straff straffen straffar straffarna
Genitive straffs straffens straffars straffarnas

Related terms[edit]