straffen

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Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

straffen

  1. singular definite of straf

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch straffen, probably from Middle High German strāfen, which may go back to Proto-Germanic *strēpōną. The short vowel and geminate in Dutch in contrast to the Middle High German long vowel is peculiar. Note however that Middle High German had a noun strafe, and that forms with long vowel do occur in dialectal Dutch.

Verb[edit]

straffen

  1. (transitive) to punish
  2. (transitive) to sentence
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of straffen (weak)
infinitive straffen
past singular strafte
past participle gestraft
infinitive straffen
gerund straffen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular straf strafte
2nd person sing. (jij) straft strafte
2nd person sing. (u) straft strafte
2nd person sing. (gij) straft strafte
3rd person singular straft strafte
plural straffen straften
subjunctive sing.1 straffe strafte
subjunctive plur.1 straffen straften
imperative sing. straf
imperative plur.1 straft
participles straffend gestraft
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

straffen

  1. plural of straf

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

straffen m

  1. definite singular of straff

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

straffen

  1. definite singular of straff (penalty kick or penalty shot)
  2. definite plural of straff (punishment or sentence)