straffen

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch straffen, probably from Middle High German strāfen, which may go back to Proto-Germanic *strēpōną. The short vowel and geminate in Dutch in contrast to the Middle High German long vowel is peculiar. Note however that Middle High German had a noun strafe, and that forms with long vowel do occur in dialectal Dutch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

straffen (past singular strafte, past participle gestraft)

  1. To punish; to sentence.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

straffen

  1. definite singular of straff (penalty kick or penalty shot)
  2. definite plural of straff (punishment or sentence)