hast

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See also: Hast, hást, häst, and has't

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hast, havest, second-person present singular form of haven, from Old English hæfst, hafast, second-person present singular form of habban, hafian, from Proto-Germanic *habaisi, second-person present singular form of *habjaną; equivalent to have +‎ -est.. Compare German and West Frisian hast.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hæst/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æst

Verb[edit]

hast

  1. (archaic) second-person singular simple present form of have
    Thou hast lovely eyes!
    Thou hast left me alone.
    Thou hast made me endless... -Ravindranath Thakur, Song Offerings, Poem 1

Usage notes[edit]

  • Hast is the original second-person singular present tense of to have and is now largely archaic, having been superseded by have. It is still however found in poetry and older works, being used both as a main verb and an auxiliary verb, and is occasionally still heard in certain regional dialects, especially in the north of England. It is perhaps most familiar to modern ears through its extensive use in the Book of Common Prayer of 1662 and the Authorised Version of the Bible, and in other liturgical texts derived from, or influenced by, them. It corresponds to the familiar second-person singular present tense of to have in some other European languages.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Noun[edit]

hast m

  1. haste

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German hast, from Old French haste.

Noun[edit]

hast c (singular definite hasten, not used in plural form)

  1. haste

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

hast

  1. imperative of haste

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hast/
    • IPA(key): /has/ (colloquial; north-western Germany)
    • IPA(key): /haʃ/ (colloquial; south-western Germany)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hast
  • Rhymes: -ast
  • Homophones: Hast, hasst (not by the regional pronunciations)

Verb[edit]

hast

  1. Second-person singular present of haben.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English hæfst, hafast, second-person present singular form of habban, hafian, from Proto-Germanic *habaisi, second-person present singular form of *habjaną; equivalent to haven +‎ -est.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

hast

  1. Second-person singular present indicative form of haven

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

hast

  1. imperative of hasta

Seri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hast (plural hásatoj)

  1. rock, stone

References[edit]

  • Moser, Mary B.; Marlett, Stephen A. (2010) Comcaac quih yaza quih hant ihiip hac: cmiique iitom - cocsar iitom - maricaana iitom [Seri-Spanish-English Dictionary], 2nd edition, Hermosillo: Plaza y Valdés Editores, →ISBN, page 347.



Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hast c

  1. hurry, haste

Declension[edit]

Declension of hast 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative hast hasten
Genitive hasts hastens

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adverb[edit]

hast

  1. almost, nearly
Further reading[edit]
  • hast”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

hast

  1. second-person informal singular of hawwe