haste

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See also: Haste and hasté

English[edit]

Haste“ or „the biologic relativity of time“

Etymology[edit]

Blend of Middle English hasten (verb), (compare Dutch haasten, German hasten, Danish haste, Swedish hasta (to hasten, rush)) and Middle English hast (haste, noun), from Old French haste (whence French hâte),[1] from Old Frankish *hai(f)st (violence),[2] from Proto-Germanic *haifstiz (struggle, conflict), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeyp- (to ridicule, mock, anger). Akin to Old Frisian hāst, hāste (haste), Old English hǣst (violence), Old English hǣste (violent, impetuous, vehement, adj), Old Norse heift/heipt (feud), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃𐍄𐍃 (haifsts, rivalry). Cognate with German and Danish heftig (vehement). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /heɪst/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪst

Noun[edit]

haste (usually uncountable, plural hastes)

  1. Speed; swiftness; dispatch.
    We were running late so we finished our meal in haste.
  2. (obsolete) Urgency; sudden excitement of feeling or passion; precipitance; vehemence.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

haste (third-person singular simple present hastes, present participle hasting, simple past and past participle hasted)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To urge onward; to hasten.
  2. (intransitive, archaic) To move with haste.
    • 1594, “The Wounds of Civill War”, in A Select Collection of Old English Plays, Vol. VII (4th edition)[1]:
      The city is amaz'd, for Sylla hastes / To enter Rome with fury, sword and fire.
    • 1825, Samuel Johnson, The Works of Samuel Johnson in Nine Volumes[2]:
      He hastes away to another, whom his affairs have called to a distant place, and, having seen the empty house, goes away disgusted by a disappointment which could not be intended, because it could not be foreseen.
    • 1881, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present[3]:
      Samson hastes not; but neither does he pause to rest.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Etymology at merriam-webster.com
  2. ^ Le Robert pour tous, Dictionnaire de la langue française, Janvier 2004, p. 524

Anagrams[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /as̺te/, [as̺.t̪e̞]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /has̺te/, [ɦas̺.t̪e̞]

Noun[edit]

haste inan

  1. Verbal noun of hasi.

Declension[edit]

Declension of haste (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive haste hastea hasteak
ergative hastek hasteak hasteek
dative hasteri hasteari hasteei
genitive hasteren hastearen hasteen
comitative hasterekin hastearekin hasteekin
causative hasterengatik hastearengatik hasteengatik
benefactive hasterentzat hastearentzat hasteentzat
instrumental hastez hasteaz hasteez
insessive hastetan hastean hasteetan
locative hastetako hasteko hasteetako
allative hastetara hastera hasteetara
terminative hastetaraino hasteraino hasteetaraino
directive hastetarantz hasterantz hasteetarantz
destinative hastetarako hasterako hasteetarako
ablative hastetatik hastetik hasteetatik
partitive hasterik
prolative hastetzat

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

haste (imperative)

  1. second-person plural imperative of hasit

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

haste

  1. hastily

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

haste

  1. inflection of hasten:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular subjunctive I
    3. singular imperative

Contraction[edit]

haste

  1. (colloquial) contraction of hast du

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

haste (present tense hastar, past tense hasta, past participle hasta, passive infinitive hastast, present participle hastande, imperative hast)

  1. Alternative form of hasta

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Frankish *hai(f)st (violence, haste), from Proto-Germanic *haifstiz (conflict, struggle)

Noun[edit]

haste f (oblique plural hastes, nominative singular haste, nominative plural hastes)[1]

  1. urgency, haste, speed

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (haste)
  2. ^ http://gtb.inl.nl/iWDB/search?actie=article&wdb=ONW&id=ID2489&article=haast
  3. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010), “haast1”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From hasta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

haste f (plural hastes)

  1. pole
  2. (botany) stem, stalk

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • haste” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.