hasta

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Written form of a reduction of has to.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hasta

  1. (colloquial) Third-person singular simple present indicative form of hafta: Contraction of has to.; is required to.
    He hasta visit the doctor.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Spanish hasta (until) especially hasta luego (until later).

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

hasta

  1. (colloquial) goodbye

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit हस्त (hasta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hasta (plural hastas)

  1. (Indian classical dance) A hand gesture used to depict the meaning of a song
    • 2009, January 21, “Joe Fiorito”, in Tamil dance fine gesture even for our crop of snow[1]:
      A prudent prayer, and a vigorous dance, with many interwoven leaps and twirls and pirouettes, and hastas all around.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

hasta

  1. until

Breton[edit]

Verb[edit]

hasta

  1. to hurry

Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish hasta.

Preposition[edit]

hasta

  1. up to (as much as)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Theme VI, Chapter 1::
      Poin encontralsi, a o millol, hasta “oito” o mais.
      There can be found, at best, up to “eight” or more.
  2. until (up to the time of)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Theme I, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      Esti términu Mañegu, o mais pequenu dos tres, formaba parti, con términus de Vilamel i Trevellu, da pruvincia de Salamanca hasta o anu 1833 []
      This San Martinese locality, the smallest of the three, formed, along with the Vilamen and Trevejo localities, the Salamanca province until the year 1833 []

Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hasta

  1. Partitive singular form of hapsi.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

hasta (spear)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʰast- (branch) or *gʰasdʰo- (spear, sharp spine). A relationship with Sanskrit हस्त (hasta, hand) is uncertain. A relationship with the Albanian words heshtë, ushtë and shtie (all meaning "spear") is uncertain. Cognates include Irish gas (stem (of a plant)), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌶𐌳𐍃 (gazds, spine, aculeus), Old Norse gaddr (spear, goad), and English goad; the Germanic forms show that the immediate preform in Western Proto-Indo-European was more likely *gʰasdʰo- (spear, sharp spine), but this cannot be connected to gas (stem (of a plant)), since Proto-Celtic *sd yields Irish *d, as in nead (nest).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hasta f (genitive hastae); first declension

  1. a spear, lance, pike, carried by soldiers and used for thrusting
    Petere aliquem hastā.
    To attack any one with a spear.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative hasta hastae
genitive hastae hastārum
dative hastae hastīs
accusative hastam hastās
ablative hastā hastīs
vocative hasta hastae

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • hasta in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hasta in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hasta in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • hasta in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to use javelins at a distance, swords at close quarters: eminus hastis, comminus gladiis uti
    • the free men are sold as slaves: libera corpora sub corona (hasta) veneunt (B. G. 3. 16. 4)
  • hasta in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hasta in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • hasta in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • hasta in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
  • Lewis & Short, A Latin Dictionary
  • “asta” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN

Novial[edit]

Verb[edit]

hasta

  1. rush, hurry

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin hasta, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰast- (branch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hasta f (plural hastas)

  1. spear
  2. auction

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish fasta, of uncertain origin. Possibly from Arabic حَتَّى (ḥattā), Latin ad ista (to this) or Latin ad tenus (as far as) (>"ad tenes")

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

hasta

  1. even

Preposition[edit]

hasta

  1. until
  2. up to, to the point of, as much as
  3. even

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

hasta (present hastar, preterite hastade, supine hastat, imperative hasta)

  1. hurry, rush; to move (or act) quickly, and possibly cutting corners to finish quickly

Conjugation[edit]


Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish خسته (hasta), from Persian خسته (xaste).

Adjective[edit]

hasta (comparative daha hasta, superlative en hasta)

  1. ill, sick

Noun[edit]

hasta (definite accusative hastayı, plural hastalar)

  1. patient, sufferer
  2. (colloquial) madman

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative hasta
Definite accusative hastayı
Singular Plural
Nominative hasta hastalar
Definite accusative hastayı hastaları
Dative hastaya hastalara
Locative hastada hastalarda
Ablative hastadan hastalardan
Genitive hastanın hastaların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular hastam hastalarım
2nd singular hastan hastaların
3rd singular hastası hastaları
1st plural hastamız hastalarımız
2nd plural hastanız hastalarınız
3rd plural hastaları hastaları
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular hastayım hastalarım
2nd singular hastasın hastalarsın
3rd singular hasta
hastadır
hastalar
hastalardır
1st plural hastayız hastalarız
2nd plural hastasınız hastalarsınız
3rd plural hastalar hastalardır

Related terms[edit]