aste

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See also: -aste, astē, and Äste

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aste

  1. week

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From astuma +‎ -e.

Noun[edit]

aste (genitive aste, partitive astet)

  1. a step

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From astuma +‎ -e.

Noun[edit]

aste (genitive astme, partitive astet)

  1. grade, step

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From astua +‎ -e. Coined by Finnish physician and translator Wolmar Schildt in 1846.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑsteˣ/, [ˈɑs̠t̪e̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ɑste
  • Syllabification: as‧te

Noun[edit]

aste

  1. grade
  2. degree
  3. (everyday usage) degree, degree Celsius (short for celsiusaste)
  4. order
  5. (linear algebra) rank

Declension[edit]

Inflection of aste (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative aste asteet
genitive asteen asteiden
asteitten
partitive astetta asteita
illative asteeseen asteisiin
asteihin
singular plural
nominative aste asteet
accusative nom. aste asteet
gen. asteen
genitive asteen asteiden
asteitten
partitive astetta asteita
inessive asteessa asteissa
elative asteesta asteista
illative asteeseen asteisiin
asteihin
adessive asteella asteilla
ablative asteelta asteilta
allative asteelle asteille
essive asteena asteina
translative asteeksi asteiksi
instructive astein
abessive asteetta asteitta
comitative asteineen
Possessive forms of aste (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person asteeni asteemme
2nd person asteesi asteenne
3rd person asteensa

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

astē

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌴

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

aste f

  1. plural of asta

Anagrams[edit]


Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Finnish aste.

Noun[edit]

aste (genitive astien, partitive astettu)

  1. grade
  2. degree
  3. order

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 aste on Latvian Wikipedia
Zirgs un zirga aste (1)
Lidmašīnas aste (2)

Etymology[edit]

Originally an e-stem variant of an earlier i/n-stem *astis, from Proto-Baltic *asti- < *aš-sti-. Further, two possible Proto-Indo-European sources have been proposed: (a) *aḱ-sti-, from *aḱ- “sharp, pointy, edgy; stone” (whence also ass “sharp”, q.v.), with the meaning changes being “sharp, pointy (object)” > “stinger” > “tail”; and (b) *ost(h)- < *Host(H)-, *h₃ésth₁- (bone), in which case the semantic evolution would have been “bone” > “tail bone” > “tail” (cf. Icelandic rōfa (dog's, cat's tail) from Old Norse rófa (bony part of a horse's tail)). In the (a) case, cognates would include Lithuanian akstìs (skewer, fish bone) akštìs (skewer, fish bone, awn), Old Church Slavonic осътъ (osŭtŭ, thorny water plant), остъ (ostŭ, awn, stinger, fish bone), Russian ость (ostʹ), Czech osť, Polish ość, Russian осот (osot, thorny plant), Bulgarian о́сът (ósǎt), Czech, Polish oset. In the (b) case, cognates would include Hittite *ḫaštai, Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi), Ancient Greek ὀστέον (ostéon), Albanian asht, Tocharian B āsta, Latin os (and maybe also costa (rib)), and perhaps also all the (a) cognates, which some authors also derive from Proto-Indo-European *Host(H)-, *h₃ésth₁-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

aste f (5th declension)

  1. (anatomy) (long) tail
    zirga astehorse tail
    suņa astedog tail
    vilka astewolf tail
    gaiļa asterooster tail
    pāva astepeacock tail
    kaķis pa to laiku bija izlavījies no pagalma un, izlējis asti, lēni gāja promthe cat, meanwhile, had gotten out of the yard and, straightening (his) tail, slowly went away
    kas sunim asti cels, ja pats necelswho is going to raise a dog's tail if not for the dog himself
  2. (of objects) tail (extended part at the end)
    lidmašīnas asteairplane tail
    kleitas astedress tail
    komētas astecomet's tail
    garas rindas stāvēja pie kasēm... paša astē iestājās arī tēvsthere were long lines at the cashiers... father joined at the very tail (= end) (of one of the lines)

Usage notes[edit]

Basically, aste refers to long tails like a horse's, while ļipa refers to short tails like a rabbit's.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “aste”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French acheter

Verb[edit]

aste

  1. to buy

References[edit]

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈasːte/

Verb[edit]

aste

  1. inflection of astat:
    1. first-person dual present indicative
    2. third-person plural past indicative

Seychellois Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French acheter

Verb[edit]

aste

  1. to buy

References[edit]

  • Danielle D’Offay et Guy Lionnet, Diksyonner Kreol - Franse / Dictionnaire Créole Seychellois - Français

Swahili[edit]

Adjective[edit]

-aste (declinable)

  1. slow (not quick in motion)

Inflection[edit]