pique

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See also: Pique and piqué

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French pique (a prick, sting), from Old French pic (a sharp point).[1] Doublet of pike (long pointed weapon). Compare Spanish picar (to sting).

Noun[edit]

pique (countable and uncountable, plural piques)

  1. A feeling of enmity; ill-feeling, animosity; a transient feeling of wounded pride.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dr. H. More and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Men take up piques and displeasures.
    • (Can we date this quote by De Quincey and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Wars had arisen [] upon a personal pique.
  2. A feeling of irritation or resentment, awakened by a social slight or injury; offence, especially taken in an emotional sense with little thought or consideration.
    • 2018 April 10, Daniel Taylor, “Liverpool go through after Mohamed Salah stops Manchester City fightback”, in The Guardian (London)[1]:
      Klopp’s team had the better balance between attack and defence and, crucially, they got lucky with the disallowed goal that brought Guardiola to the point of spontaneous combustion at half-time. Guardiola’s fit of pique led to his banishment from the dugout and City will wonder what might have happened if they had taken a 2-0 lead into the second half.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 7:
      This defiance was not a fit of pique, but a matter of principle.
    • 1957, Clifford Odets and Ernest Lehman, Sweet Smell of Success
      You think this is a personal thing with me? Are you telling me I think of this in terms of a personal pique?
  3. (obsolete) Keenly felt desire; a longing.
    • 1684, Samuel Butler, Hudibras
      Though it have the pique, and long, / 'Tis still for something in the wrong.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pique (third-person singular simple present piques, present participle piquing, simple past and past participle piqued)

  1. (transitive) To wound the pride of; to excite to anger.
    Synonyms: sting, nettle, irritate, fret
    • 1913, D. H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, chapter 11
      She treated him indulgently, as if he were a child. He thought he did not mind. But deep below the surface it piqued him.
    • (Can we date this quote by Byron and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Pique her and soothe in turn.
  2. (reflexive) To take pride in; to pride oneself on.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Men [] pique themselves upon their skill.
  3. (transitive) To excite (someone) to action by causing resentment or jealousy; to stimulate (a feeling, emotion); to offend by slighting.
    Synonyms: excite, stimulate
    I believe this will pique your interest.
    • 2020 January 2, Richard Clinnick, “After some alarms, Sleeper awakens”, in Rail, page 47:
      I have been hugely involved in the operational side until this point, but now I can speak to operators and other businesses such as American and European companies, because we seem to have piqued interest.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Prior to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French pic.

Noun[edit]

pique (plural piques)

  1. (card games) In piquet, the right of the elder hand to count thirty in hand, or to play before the adversary counts one.

Verb[edit]

pique (third-person singular simple present piques, present participle piquing, simple past and past participle piqued)

  1. (card games, transitive) To score a pique against.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Spanish pique, from Central Quechua piki.

Noun[edit]

pique (plural piques)

  1. A chigger or jigger, Tunga penetrans.

Etymology 4[edit]

From French piqué, past participle of piquer (to prick, quilt)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pique (countable and uncountable, plural piques)

  1. A durable ribbed fabric made from cotton, rayon, or silk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ pique” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal of piquer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pique f (plural piques)

  1. pike, lance
  2. (card games) spade (as a card suit)
    quatre de piquefour of spades

Verb[edit]

pique

  1. inflection of piquer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. second-person singular imperative

See also[edit]

Suits in French · couleurs (layout · text)
SuitHearts.svg SuitDiamonds.svg SuitSpades.svg SuitClubs.svg
cœur carreau pique trèfle

Further reading[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

pique f (plural piques)

  1. Alternative form of picque

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French picque (a prick, sting), from Old French pic (a sharp point).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pique m (plural piques)

  1. any spear
    Synonyms: hasta, lança
  2. or specifically a pike
    Synonym: chuço
  3. hide-and-seek (game)
    Synonyms: esconde-esconde, pique-esconde

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

pique

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of picar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of picar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of picar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of picar

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From picar

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pique m (plural piques)

  1. (card games) spade
  2. downward movement
    irse a piquesink [for a ship]
    1. jump, leap
  3. hit, fix (of drugs)
  4. rivalry, loggerheads
  5. grudge match

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

pique

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of picar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of picar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of picar.